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52 terms

Sociology 2

Chapter 2
STUDY
PLAY
Culture
The term _____ refers to the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and material objects that, together form people's way of life.
Society
People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture are known as a _____
Culture Shock
Going to another culture can cause _____ _____, or personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way if life.
Symbol
A _____ is anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.
Language
A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another is known as _______.
Cultural Transmission
______ refers to the process by which one generation passes culture to the next.
Sapir-Whorf Thesis
The ____ _____ refers to the idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language.
Values
______ are culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness and beauty, and that serve as a broad guidelines for social living.
Beliefs
____ are specific ideas that people hold to be true.
Norms
_____ refer to rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
Mores
Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance are called ______
Folkways
______ are norms for routine, casual interaction.
Technology
_____ refers to knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings.
Hunting and gathering
The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation is for food called ______ _______.
Horticulture
_____ is the use of hand tools to raise crops.
Pastoralism
The domestication of animals is known as _____.
Agriculture
Large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy source is called ________.
Industry
_____ is defined as the production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.
Post-industrialism
______ refers to the production of information using computer technology.
High cultural
Cultural patterns that distinguish a culture's elite are known as _____ _____.
popular culture
_____ _____ refers to cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.
subculture
The term _____ refers to cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.
Multiculturalism
_____ is a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the US and promoting respect and equal standing for all cultral traditions.
Euro-centrism
_____ refers to the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns.
Afrocentrism
_____refers to the dominance of African cultural patterns.
Counter-cultural
A _____ refers to cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.
Cultural integration
_____ _____ refers to the close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.
Cultural lag
The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, which may disrupt a cultural system is known as ______.
ethnocentrism
The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture is known as _______.
Cultural relativism
_____ refers to the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards.
Cultural universals
Traits that are apart of every known culture are referred to as _____ _____.
Sociobiology
_____ is a theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects we create culture.
True
Nonmaterial culture refers to the intangible world of ideas created by members of a society.
False
The term society refers to a shared way of life.
False
Values are defined as rules and expectations by which society guides the behavior of its members.
False
Mores are norms that have little moral significance within a culture.
True
Technology is defined as the knowledge that people apply to the task of living in their surroundings.
True
We all participate in numerous subcultures without becoming very committed to them.
False
The practice of judging any culture by its own standards is referred to as ethnocentrism.
False
structural-functionalist argue that there are no cultural universals.
Culture is.....
The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life
Culture shock is
The personal disorientation that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life is termed
3 million years
About _____ ago, our ancestors climbed down from the trees in central Africa to move around in the tall grasses
the Yanomamo are
a technologically primitive horticultural society living in South America
Thinking person
Homo sapiens is a Latin term that means
Wakka Wakka is
A language
Values and Norms
Which of the following identifies 2 of the elements of culture?
Language
A system of symbols that allows members of a society to communicate with one another is the definition of
Values
Culturally defined standards of desirability, goodness, and beauty that serve as broad guidelines for social living, is the definition for.......
Beliefs
Specific ideas that people hold to be true are?
Norms
Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
Structural functional analysis
_____draws on the philosophical doctrine of idealism