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Chapter 2


The term _____ refers to the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and material objects that, together form people's way of life.


People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture are known as a _____

Culture Shock

Going to another culture can cause _____ _____, or personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way if life.


A _____ is anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.


A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another is known as _______.

Cultural Transmission

______ refers to the process by which one generation passes culture to the next.

Sapir-Whorf Thesis

The ____ _____ refers to the idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language.


______ are culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness and beauty, and that serve as a broad guidelines for social living.


____ are specific ideas that people hold to be true.


_____ refer to rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members


Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance are called ______


______ are norms for routine, casual interaction.


_____ refers to knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings.

Hunting and gathering

The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation is for food called ______ _______.


_____ is the use of hand tools to raise crops.


The domestication of animals is known as _____.


Large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy source is called ________.


_____ is defined as the production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.


______ refers to the production of information using computer technology.

High cultural

Cultural patterns that distinguish a culture's elite are known as _____ _____.

popular culture

_____ _____ refers to cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.


The term _____ refers to cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.


_____ is a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the US and promoting respect and equal standing for all cultral traditions.


_____ refers to the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns.


_____refers to the dominance of African cultural patterns.


A _____ refers to cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.

Cultural integration

_____ _____ refers to the close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.

Cultural lag

The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, which may disrupt a cultural system is known as ______.


The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture is known as _______.

Cultural relativism

_____ refers to the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards.

Cultural universals

Traits that are apart of every known culture are referred to as _____ _____.


_____ is a theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects we create culture.


Nonmaterial culture refers to the intangible world of ideas created by members of a society.


The term society refers to a shared way of life.


Values are defined as rules and expectations by which society guides the behavior of its members.


Mores are norms that have little moral significance within a culture.


Technology is defined as the knowledge that people apply to the task of living in their surroundings.


We all participate in numerous subcultures without becoming very committed to them.


The practice of judging any culture by its own standards is referred to as ethnocentrism.


structural-functionalist argue that there are no cultural universals.

Culture is.....

The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life

Culture shock is

The personal disorientation that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life is termed

3 million years

About _____ ago, our ancestors climbed down from the trees in central Africa to move around in the tall grasses

the Yanomamo are

a technologically primitive horticultural society living in South America

Thinking person

Homo sapiens is a Latin term that means

Wakka Wakka is

A language

Values and Norms

Which of the following identifies 2 of the elements of culture?


A system of symbols that allows members of a society to communicate with one another is the definition of


Culturally defined standards of desirability, goodness, and beauty that serve as broad guidelines for social living, is the definition for.......


Specific ideas that people hold to be true are?


Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members

Structural functional analysis

_____draws on the philosophical doctrine of idealism

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