History 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4 hoyle
Terms in this set (60)
this person was a Hellenistic philosopher
He was the king of Macedonia
Alexander the Great's first victories against the Persian empire gave him
Age of Alexander the Great at his death
Alexander stopped his adventure into Asia and turned back because
his men did not want to continue
Hellenistic culture represented a blending of Greek culture with all of the following except
this astronomer arrived at a surprisingly accurate calculation of the Earth's circumference
This astronomer argued that the sun was much larger than the earth and that the planets revolve around the sun
At Issus, the next major battle after the River Granicus, he realized that his forces were outnumbered. He then ordered his first troops to charge straight at the enemy's king. This ploy earned him control over Asia Minor
Alexander the Great
Location of the most important city named Alexandria
Macedonia was able to conquer all of the following EXCEPT
This city was the center of commerce and culture in the Hellenistic world
This bronze statue stood more than 100 feet high. It appears to have been the tallest statue in the Hellenistic world.
Colossus of Rhodes
This scientist arrived at a fairly accurate calculation of the value of Pi
After the Peloponnesian War, Greece was conquered by
Macedonian forces led by Philip II
Alexander was welcomed as a liberator by the people of
This school of thought held that the Universe was made up of atoms, the Universe is governed by gods who were not interested in people, and the only real objects are those that can be perceived by the five senses
This mathematician's work is still the basis of courses in geometry. His textbook, The Elements, was used in classrooms until the 1900s
Among its attractions was a great museum-temple dedicated to the Muses and the first true research library in the world.
This school of thought held that the universe is controlled by a divine power and argued that people should lead virtuous lives
His offer to give up the western third of his empire was rejected.
Which of the following civilizations is associated with a lack of writing and a period of decline in Greece?
A city-state in Greece was called a
The major difficulty in uniting ancient Greeks under a single government was caused by
the geography of the region
solon is known for
writing a legal code that outlawed debt slavery
A phalanx was a type of
The Persian army that invaded Greece in 480 BC, and was defeated at sea near Salamis, was led by
Who was driven from Greece shortly before the Golden Age of Athens began?
The Spartan way of life has become well-known for its emphasis on all of the following EXCEPT
In Sparta, the helots were
The runner who carried the news of a Greek victory at Marathon back to Athens at the cost of his own life.
T/F various regions of Greece were separated from each other by barriers created by rivers.
T/F The Trojan War was fought by the Minoans and Dorians about 1200 BC.
t/f Not too long after the Trojan War, the Minoans became the dominant Greek civilization, and a period of decline began.
T/F a government ruled by the people is called an aristocracy.
t/f The Greek city-states defeated the Persian empire in the Persian Wars.
In the Greek city-state of Athens, a new form of government called ______ developed, in which the citizens exercised power.
Instead of a democracy, Sparta built an _____
The shift from bronze to ____ weapons made possible a new kind of army composed not only of the rich but also of merchants, artisans, and small landowners.
During the Second Persian War, in 480 BC, the Persian King _____ sent his armies against Greece.
Which philosopher was condemned to death for "corrupting the youth of Athens" and "neglecting the city's gods?
Who wrote "the Republic", a book that set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society?
A significant democratic reform carried out by Pericles was to
Increase the public payroll
The Peloponnesian War was won by
He was a wise statesman who led Athens during much of its golden age.
Who was in charge in Plato's vision of the ideal society?
The person with the greatest intellect
A temple crafter by the sculptor Phidias to honor the goddess Athena was the
These people were a group of thinkers who questioned the existence of the traditional Greek gods.
Greek art of the time, also called "classical art", exhibits all of the following characteristics EXCEPT
What caused the decline of Athens' golden age and the end of democracy?
the greatest historian of the Greek classical age was
Greek thinkers who were determined to seek the truth were called
Who was driven from Greece shortly before the golden age of Athens began?
Why is the government during the Age of Pericles referred to as a "direct" democracy?
Citizens ruled directly; they did not elect representatives
A philosopher who opened a school in Athens called the Lyceum was
During the Peloponnesian War, more than 1/3rd of the Athenians, including Pericles, died as a result of
Which of the following did Athens and Sparta have in Common?
They were both city-states
Athens and Sparta fought each other in the
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives is called
One thinker who developed a method of teaching using questions and answers was
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