8th Grade History: War of 1812 & Industrial Revolution
Added the Review Questions it's a little strange when you get tested for them because you have to our in the question but otherwise Good Luck!
Terms in this set (38)
a time in which machines in factories began replacing hand tools and manufacturing became main form of work instead of farming
Main Idea: switch from agriculture to manufacturing
invented the steam engine which eventually lead to the steamboat transportation on water
Invented cotton gin (engine) in an attempt to end slavery in 1793; made interchangeable parts
invented the factory system
invented the mechanical reaper
invented the steel plow
invented the steel production process
Francis Cabot Lowell
invented the telegraph
Francis S. Keys
wrote the Star Spangled Banner
rescued artifacts from the burning of DC
1820; it kept equal balance of slave and free states in the Senate by making Maine a free state & Mississippi a slave state
36° 30' Parallel
Result of Missouri Compromise; slavery was banned north of it.
feeling of pride, patriotism, and protectiveness to one's country
loyalty to the interests of your own region or section of the country rather than to the nation as a whole
No more immigration! (1823)
closed to further colonization; any attempt to do so will be seen as an act of war
Sectionalism in the Northeast
-Opposes states' rights
-Supports internal improvements
-Opposes sale of cheap public land
Sectionalism in the South
-Economy: Plantations; Agrarian/Farming (Cotton!)
-Slavery: depended on slaves due to cotton gin
-Supports states' rights
-Opposes tariffs because they depend on exports
Sectionalism in the West
-Slavery: conflicting views over whether or not it should be allowed
-Supports states' rights with exceptions
-Supports sale of cheap public land
-Supports internal improvements
How did the war of 1812 push the United States to build factories?
Allowed us to export goods over the ocean;
more people-more jobs-more taxes.
How did the war of 1812 and free enterprise affect the U.S. Economy?
We got to set our own prices & set wages for labor
which contributed to freedom of choice & economic success
Why did slavery spread in the South?
After the cotton gin was invented, cotton was much easier to harvest and more slaves were needed
Benefits of scientific innovation during the industrial revolution
-broader marketing of goods
-inventions contributed to regional differences (i.e. cotton gin in south)
Benefits of Free Enterprise
-freedom of choice
-greater variety of products
-high probability of economic success
Key elements or characteristics of a Free Enterprise
-motive to make a profit
-the rights to have private property
-individual decision making (you can decide what price to sell at & how much to make)
-minimal government intrusion
Causes of War of 1812
-Impressment of U.S. soldiers
-Interference with U.S. shipping
-British support of Native Americans (Battle of Tippecanoe)
-Support of War Hawks
Key events of War of 1812
-Blockage of the US Coast
-Burning of DC
-Battle of Ft. McHenry
-Treaty of Ghent
-Battle of New Orleans (after treaty)
Effects of War of 1812
-Increased patriotism & nationalism
-Native American resistance is weakened
-U.S. becomes more self-sufficient
-Leads to the Industrial Revolution
How did the war of 1812 help define the U.S.?
It increased patriotism and nationalism and led to the Industrial Revolution which brought new inventions and led to expansion & growth
How are the features of the free enterprise system beneficial to society?
It allows citizens the freedom of choice in products made, products purchased, the jobs they select, and the choice to be economically successful
Describe the impact that industrialization made to Regions in the U.S. & how inventions contributed to sectionalism
-urbanization in the North; greater population
-South remains rural and agricultural
-more railroads/canals in the North
-influx of immigrants as factory workers in North
-plantation systems spread to the West
-cotton gin in South
-factories, canals & steamboats in North led to urbanization
Problems & conflict that resulted from urbanization
-discrimination between immigrants, women, children
-immigrants were willing to work for lower wages, which made many citizens angry
-apartments were overcrowded
-lots of crime & disease
Give examples of positive & negative consequences of human modification; such as with urbanization
positive: more jobs available
negative: pollution & spread of disease
Give examples of positive & negative consequences of human modification; such as with railroads
positive: increased communication & trade
negative: destruction of natural resources & air pollution
How did the Industrial Revolution impact the lives of women & children?
Women would now work outside of the home (led to early feminist movement) and children worked too (which led to bad child labor practices)
Describe McCulloch vs. Maryland
The US Supreme Court decided Congress has the right to create a national bank, but the states don't have a right to ban the national bank or to tax it.
*Decision: Congress is granted IMPLIED POWERS over the states
Describe Gibbons vs. Ogden
Gibbons & Ogden were two men that both wanted to use their steamboats in NY. One of the men had a monopoly in NY so he sued the other.
*Decision: Congress, not states, regulate INTERSTATE COMMERCE (trade).
What is the Era of Good Feelings?
-a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans
-James Monroe's presidency wanted national unity and wanted to get rid of political parties