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16 terms

Geology

The study of the origin, history, and structure of the Earth and the process that shape the Earth

Oceanography

The scientific study of the sea

Meteorology

Scientific study of the events of the Earth's atmosphere, especially in relation to the weather and climate

Astronomy

The study of the universe

Scientific Method

The series of steps scientists use to answer questions and solve problems.

Model

A pattern, plan, represervation, or description to show the structure or workings of an object, system, or concept

Theory

An explanation that ties together many hypotheses and observations

Physical Model

Looks like the object it is supposed to represent

Mathematical Model

Made up of mathematical equations and data

Conceptual Model

A mental image of a system, object, or process; some are based on making comparisons with familiar objects to help illustrate or explain an idea

Metric System

International system of Units (SI)

Length

Measure of how long an object is (m)

Volume

Measure of the size of a body or region in 3D space (cm3)

Mass

Measure of the amount of matter in an object (g)

Temperature

Measure of how hot or cold something is (C)

Density

Mass in a given space; mass per unit volume