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Age of Exploration Vocab (Ap Euro)
Vocab for the AP European History Age of Exploration Test (Note: this is the vocab for Ms Kelley's class, I have no idea if this is accurate for any other teachers)
Terms in this set (36)
the making or study of maps or charts
compass based on an indicator (as a magnetic needle) that points to the magnetic north
a measuring instrument for measuring altitude of heavenly bodies
An instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars
device that sailors used to determine latitude by measuring the angle of the sun or pole star above the horizon
A small, highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic. (p. 427)
Latin for "New World"
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
An early Portuguese explorer who traveled down the coast of Africa in search of a water route to Asia. He managed to round the southern tip of Africa in 1488, now the Cape of Good Hope.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
The Italian sailor who corrected Columbus's mistake, acknowledging the coasts of america as a new world.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Bartholomew de las Casas
A Spanish priest, who wrote about the atrocities committed by Spanish settlers in the New World.
Concept that Spanish conquerors merely tortured and murdered Indians, stole gold and infected them with smallpox, leaving nothing of benefit
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)
Portuguese explorer who found a sea route to the Spice Island by sailing around the American continent. His crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Continued Magellan's journey of world circumnavigation after Magellan's death; returned to Spain three years later with a single ship & 18 survivors
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
the last Aztec emperor in Mexico who was overthrown and killed by Hernando Cortes (1466-1520)
Gold, God, and Glory
The three primary motives for exploration in the New World
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
First Czar of Russia. During good Era: made many reforms, Created a council that included members from all classes, Defeated Mongols and expanded borders. During bad Era: Paranoid and strict policies lost many of his followers. Killed his only heir and launched Russia into a Time of Troubles.
Focus on conquest in the new world for material wealth and gain as opposed to peaceful trade with the natives
Focus on establishing posts and forts on coastal regions for trade as opposed to penetrating inland to conquer entire regions or subjugate their populations
It gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans or to make them work. In exchange, these settlers were supposed to protect the Native American people and convert them to Christianity
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of European descent born in the New World.
Alphonso d' Albuquerque
(1453-1515) laid foundation for Portuguese imperialism in 16th and 17th centuries-established strategy of making coastal regions a base to control Indian Ocean
Early Jesuit missionary often called the Apostle to the Indies. He was an associate of St Ignatius of Loyola, with whom he took the vow founding the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). From 1541 he traveled through India, Japan, and the East Indies, making many converts.
Dutch East India Company
Government-chartered joint-stock company that controlled the spice trade in the East Indies.
French explorer who discovered the st. lawrence river, and gave france its claim to canada
Explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498)
First permanent English settlement in North America
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