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47 terms

Anatomy review test 1 (from 47? fill in the blanks)

From fill in the blanks review
STUDY
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Ventral
Another term for the word anterior
Lumbar Region
(R&L)
(Medial lateral)
The region of the 9-region plan of the abdomen located directly inferior to the hypochondriac region (R&L)
(superior lateral)
Hypochondriac Region
(R&L)
(Superior lateral)
The region of the 9-region plan of the abdomen located directly lateral to the epigastric region (Superior lateral)
Hypogastric (Pubic) Region
(Inferior lateral)
The region of the 9-region plan of the abdomen located medial to the iliac (inguinal) region (R&L)
(Inferior lateral)
Epigastric Region
(Superior lateral)
The region of the 9-region plan of the abdomen located superior to the umbilical region (Medial lateral)
Anatomy
The study of the STRUCTURE of the human body
Physiology
The study of the FUNCTION of the human body
Embryology
The study of the structure of the human body BEFORE BIRTH
Biology
Study of ALL LIVING THINGS
Linear Guide
An imaginary LINE DRAWN ON THE SURFACE OF THE BODY to represent the approximate location of some deeper underlying structure
Anatomical Guides
A description of a BODY PART IN RELATION TO THE POSITION OF ADJACENT structures
Anatomical Limits
The POINTS OF ORIGIN AND TERMINATION OF A BODY PART in relation to adjacent body structures
Visceral
Term referring to the organs contained within a body cavity
Sagittal Plane
A vertical plane passing through the body from superior to inferior and from side to side so as to divide the body into right and left portions
Coronal Plane or Frontal Plane
A vertical plane passing through the body from superior to inferior and from side to side so as to divide the body into symmetrical halves
Median Plane or Midsagittal Plane
A vertical plane passing through the body from anterior to posterior and superior to inferior so as to divide the body into symmetrical halves
Transverse Plane or Horizontal Plane
A horizontal plane passing through the body from anterior to posterior and side to side so as to divide the body into a superior and inferior portion
Central
Another term for the word deep
Superficial
Another term for the word peripheral
Lateral
The opposite of Medial
Proximal
The opposite of distal
Ventral (most concise) / Anterior (less common)
The opposite of dorsal
Superior
The opposite of inferior
Parietal
Term referring to the walls surrounding a body cavity
Organ
A group of BODY TISSUES arranged for the performance of a particular function in the body
Tissue
A group of BODY CELLS arranged for the performance of a particular function in the body
Integumentary System
The system of the body having to do with the SKIN
Circulatory System
The system of the body having to do with the heart, blood, and vessels. (Also includes lymph, including lymphatic system)
Skeletal System
The system of the body having to do with the BONES of the body
Cadaver
The DEAD human body used for anatomical study
In the anatomical position, what does not apply
Anything that is not facing you while lying down
Dorsal Cavity
***(Dorsal & posterior are used interchangeably
when related to POSITION ONLY)-
*NO CAVITY CALLED POSTERIOR-ONLY DORSAL
The BRAIN & SPINAL CORD are found in this cavity
Thoracic (most concise)
also-Ventral (not as concise)
The HEART & LUNGS are found in this cavity
Abdominal cavity proper (most concise)
also-Abdomen (Abdomino-Pelvic Cavity or Abdominal Region) (not as concise)
The STOMACH is found in this cavity
Oral or Buccal Cavity
The TONGUE is found in this cavity
Pericardial Cavity
The HEART is found in this cavity
The extremities include the following:
**NOT THE HEAD OR NECK**
UPPER EXTREMITIES
ARM-between shoulder & elbow
FOREARM-between elbow and wrist
HAND
LOWER EXTREMITIES
THIGH (Femoral region)-ends of hip to the knee
LEG (lower leg or calf)-knee & ankle
FOOT
Face & Cranium
The SKULL is made up of two parts
Abdominal Cavity
The PERITONEUM reflects over most of the organs in this cavity
Torso
The TRUNK of the body may also be referred to as the
Peritoneal Cavity
The portion of the abdominal cavity that houses the urinary bladder and female sex organs
Pleural Cavities
The lungs are contained here
Cervical Region
The neck of the body is also referred to as this
Femoral Region
The thigh portion of th elower extremity is also called
Arm
The hand is said to be distal to this
Septum
The wall that divides the two nasal cavities is called this
Diaphragm
The wall that divides the thorax from the abdomen is called this