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One of the most common scales used in Africa, Far Easter, and Native American music is the:
If a major or minor scale is transposed to a different starting pitch, the pattern of half steps and whole steps change. T/F
If a composer wants to indicate excitement in a piece of music, what tempo would be appropriate?
Composers of the 18th and 19th centuries used even less expression marks than there predecessors. T/F
If a composer wants to indicate tempo precisely, a _____ indication is given in the score
Beats per minute
Returning to the original tempo after a change in the music is best indicated by what marking in the score?
The tuning system established in the Baroque that made it possible for instruments to play in any key is called?
Baroque composers often employed the doctrine of the affections in their works, resulting in:
One mood throughout the piece or movement
The Baroque was characterized by deeply felt religious beliefs that led to bloodshed between Protestants and Catholics. T/F
Absolute monarchy was the main form of European government during the Baroque, one important ruler being Louis XIV of France. T/F
Which musical style best describes the opening line "Thy hand, Belinda; darkness shades me"?
Dido's aria is in 2 sections. Which text line begins the second section?
"Remember me, but ah, forget my fate"
Which is true of an overture?
It is an instrumental introduction to an opera, and it may introduce themes from arias to follow
An operatic song in the form A-B-A, which allows for the soloist to embellish the last section, is called a:
De capo aria
The rejection of Italian opera is reflected in the French opera style associated with the composer Jean-Baptiste Lully. T/F
The term "accompagnato," as opposed to "secco," describes a recitative in which:
The orchestra accompanies the recitative
Which best describes the text setting on the word "rejoice" in Handel's aria from Messiah?
In the Lutheran tradition, the cantata was performed along with the Gospel reading, sermon, and prayers on:
Most Sundays of the church
The energetic instrumental idea that recurs several times between the vocal statements in the first movement of Cantata No. 140 is best described as:
Which best describes the texture heard in "Hallelujah Chorus" in Handel's Messiah?
Alternating between homorhythmic and polyphonic textures
What is the standard order of the Baroque Dance Suite?
5. Other Dances (hornpipe, minuet)
6. Gigue (jig)
Which instrument was not utilized in the first performance of Handel's Water Music on the Thames?
The second section of Alla hornpipe differs from the first in that:
The tonality changes and only strings and woodwinds play
The title of the concerto genre is derived from the Latin verb ____, meaning "to contend with."
In the 3rd movement of his concerto, Spring, Vivaldi emulates the sound of bagpipes by incorporating a:
A multi-movement form based on the opposition of one player against a larger group is a:
The tempo scheme of the movements in Vivaldi's Spring concerto is best described as:
Fast, slow, fast
What are the 2 most popular types of concertos in the Baroque era?
Solo concerto and the concerto grosso
Vivaldi is famous for writing instrumental music that depicts a scene without the use of sung words, a style called:
How does Vivaldi musically evoke the image of birds in the first movement of the Spring concerto?
With high thrills and running scales
A new "realistic: style of opera being composed in Italy at the end of the Baroque was known as
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