400 Must Have Words - 05 Money
400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL
Terms in this set (50)
v. To give out different amounts for different purposes
Things that can be allocated are things that can be
"spent"—money, time, energy, etc.
n. A thing that can be bought and sold, such as grain, oil,
A thing is called a commodity only in the context of
buying or selling it.
v. To decrease in power or amount
n. The value of one's share in an investment
In this meaning, equity is always singular and usually
followed by an in phrase.
n. A situation in which prices for many items rise quite fast
inflate v, inflationary adj
adj. After all costs have been subtracted from an amount
net v, net n
adv. For each person
per capita adj
v. Control according to a set of rules
regulation n, regulatory adj
n. Money given by a government or other organization to support
adj. Obviously real because it can be seen, touched, or otherwise observed
v. To build up a large amount of something
n. Wealth and the style of life that goes with it
adj. Belonging to a special, honored group
elite n, elitist adj
v. To make a person or group poor
n. Extreme comfort, beyond what anyone needs
luxuriate v, luxurious adj
n. A group of socially prominent people with special titles
given by a king or queen, such as "duke"or "countess"
noble n, noble adj
n. Honor and respect for being better than the average
adj. Able to enjoy special advantages because of one's
position (usually because of being born into a wealthy or powerful family)
v. To do very well in one's business or personal life
prosperity n, prosperous adj
n. People with low-paying (often unskilled) jobs who are not poor but who are not securely in the middle class
v. To get something, usually something with special value or
Unlike get, acquire implies that a possession has special
value or meaning.
acquisition n, acquisitive adj
v. To estimate the value of something
assessor n, assessment n
n. A possession that has positive value
Some examples of assets are real estate, cash, and stock
hazard n, hazardously adv
adv. Together with one or more other parties
join v, joint n
v. To rent something for a long time (several months or years)
lease n, lessor n, lessee n
n. Legal responsibility for harming a person or property; a disadvantage
In its second meaning, liability is often followed by a to phrase.
n. Owner, usually of a business or a building
Very often, proprietor is followed by an of phrase
v. To protect
Safeguard implies continuous protection over a long time.
Sole almost always appears before the noun it modifies. It
does not come after a linking verb like be.
v. To give an employee money or other things in exchange
for the work he or she does
Compensate is often followed by a for phrase.
compensation n, compensatory adj
adj. Full of energy
dynamism n, dynamically adv
adj. Creative in thinking of ways to make money
enterprise n (Note:There is no verb "to enterprise.")
v. To take advantage of; to treat inconsiderately in order to
exploitation n, exploitive adj
n. A possible benefit that motivates a person to do a certain
Incentive is usually followed by a to phrase
adj. Willing to work hard
Only people can be industrious; companies cannot.
industriousness n, industriously adv
adj. Not very significant or effective
n. Value; success based on one's work, not on luck
Merit is uncountable.
merit v, meritorious adj
v. To move someone to a higher position in a company
Promote is very often followed by a to phrase indicating the position one has been moved up to.
v. To quit one's job
v. to remove one liquid from a mixture of liquids by boiling; to
get something valuable from a confusing mix of ideas
distillation n, distillery n
adj. Able to create business opportunities from a wide
variety of circumstances
v. To take out
extraction n, extractor n
v. To argue back and forth about a price
Haggle is often followed by a phrase with over or about.
n. A person who makes a living by selling things
merchandise v, merchandise n, mercantile adj
adv. In an amount appropriate to each of several recipients
proportion n, proportionate adj, proportionally adv
n. The first one made of a machine or system
n. Something one gets for having done well
Reward might be followed by an of or for phrase naming
what one has done well.
v. To move back and forth often between two places