AP Lang Rhetorical Devices List

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Terms in this set (21)
OnomatopoeiaThe use of word's that imitate sounds. (Ex: "slam" "crash" "buzz" "zip")ConsonanceRepetition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity. (Ex: "bed" and "bad")EpistropheThe repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences. (Opposite of anaphora) (Ex: "He walked. She walked. They walked")OxymoronConjoining contradictory terms. (Ex: "deafening silence" "Awfully good" "Tall Owen")DictionA writer's or speaker's choice of words. (There are many subtypes. Just saying "diction" doesn't cut it)AnaphoraThe repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. (Ex: "He stood up. He looks like a goblin. He is Owen.")MetonymySubstituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it. (Ex: The King -> The Crown Owen -> Goblin)MetaphorA comparison without using like or as. (Ex: Owen is a goblin)AssonanceRepetition of vowel sounds. (Ex: "Owen claps his hands and stamps his feet")Euphemisma mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing. (Ex: "Owen is vertically challenged" "My dog passed away")Parallelismsimilarity of structure in a pair or series of clauses. (Ex: "Give Owen a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach Owen to fish and you feed him for a lifetime.")