Ch. 11

5.0 (1 review)
Examine this figure and select which of the statements below are correct. (Select all that apply.)
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 106
Terms in this set (106)
A(n) ______ is a large-scale functional entity discontinuously built up but operating as an integrated economic whole.metropolitan area, while smaller than a city, still has a nuclear business concentration. (Enter only one word per blank.)townFor urban centers to succeed, they must be efficiently located. Efficiency can be derived from ______. (Select all that apply.)the physical characteristics of a city's site a location close to resources and transportation networks centrality to the area an urban center servesThe term refers to the absolute location of a settlement. The term places a settlement in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of the surrounding areas. (Enter only one word per blank.)site situationA ______ is a functionally specialized, subsidiary segment of a large urban complex that can be residential, industrial, or commercial in nature.suburbWhat are the three main functions of cities? (Select all that apply.)Transport services Special functions for locations outside the surrounding area Providing general services for the surrounding areaAccording to Walter Christaller's central place theory, ______. (Select all that apply.)there will be more small towns than there will be big towns larger towns will be spaced farther apart from one another than smaller towns the sphere of influence of a settlement is proportional to its sizeA(n) ______ is a continuously built-up landscape defined by building and population densities with no reference to political boundaries.urbanized areaThe decreased influence a city has on areas farther away from it is an example of the concept of ______.distance decayUrban centers must be ______.efficiently locatedThis map shows both the of Chicago on the shore of Lake Michigan and its near the northern boundary of the corn belt. (Enter only one word per blank.)site situationThe functions listed here are for cites. Which of these do towns always fulfill? (Select two.)Providing general services for the surrounding area Transport servicesWhat is the name of the theory developed by Walter Christaller to explain the size and location of settlements?Central place theoryManufacturing during the Industrial Revolution has been tied to the ______.growth in urban areaszone is the area outside of a city that is affected by it. (Enter only one word per blank.)urban influenceWhich of the following are examples of basic sector workers? (Select all that apply.)Credit card call center employees Dock workers Car assembly line workersof a city's economy is made up of activities that move money within the city. (Enter only one word per blank.)nonbasic sectorThe activities people do to support the urban population, such as manufacturing, retail, or education, form the of an urban area. (Enter only one word per blank.)economic baseAs a settlement grows in size, the number of nonbasic workers ______ the number of new basic workers.increases faster than______ has served an important element of basic sector activity for most cities, bringing in money from other places through export of goods.ManufacturingFalling demand for goods and services has caused a decrease or near stagnation in the population of what areas of the United States between 2010 and 2017? (Select all that apply.)The Midwest The NortheastThe of an urban area's economic structure is made up of the activities of people that bring in money from outside the community. (Enter only one word per blank.)basic sectorWhich of these are examples of nonbasic sector employment? (Select all that apply.)Restaurant owner Car wash operator FirefighterTrue or false: The number of people employed in government services is usually proportional to the size of the urban population.TrueThe economic base of an urban area can be divided into ______ and ______ sectors.nonbasic basicis a ranking of cities based on their size and functional complexity. (Enter only one word per blank.)urban hierarchyeffect describes the way that every new basic sector job creates additional nonbasic jobs. (Enter only one word per blank.)multiplierAccording to the rank-size rule, if the largest city in a region has a population of 8 million, what would the population of the fifth-largest city in this region be?1.6 millionWhen the demand for the goods and services of a city falls, the demand for labor also falls and the population of that city typically ______.stagnant or declinescity is one that is far more than twice the size of the second-ranked city. (Enter only one word per blank.)primateOnce a city is established as a capital or governmental center, what typically happens to its population?It grows substantially.When considering urban hierarchies, it is seen that urban centers of the same size ______.tend not to serve one another except in the case of specialized servicescities are those that are considered to be "control and command" centers of the global economy. (Enter only one word per blank.)WorldAccording to the - rule, the third largest city in a region will be one third the size of the largest. (Enter only one word per blank.)rank sizeWhich of the following is true about transportation technologies and patterns of land use?The type of transportation technology of the time heavily influences land use patterns.Older cities commonly have a densely built-up core forming the center for businesses. This pattern arose during a time when the dominant form of transport in those cities was ______.mass transitA country that has one very large city, few or no intermediate-size cities, and many smaller settlements is said to display a ______.primate city hierarchyMatch the zones of increasing distance from the CBD (central business district) with the types of land use. The CBD is located in the upper left corner of this diagram. InstructionsA=Residential B=Commercial C=Agricultural D=Intensive residentialHow did the increased use of cars effect the density-distance curve?It flattened the curve.What are the two dominant world cities?London New YorkWhich of the following are examples of institutional controls on urban form?Zoning laws Public parks Health and safety codesWhich of these are the major variables responsible for shaping internal land use patterns in cities? (Select all that apply.)Accessibility Competitive market in land Transportation technologies availableIn larger cities, people tend to group according to which three factors? (Select all that apply.)Family status Social status Ethnic characteristicsforms the core of a city and is characterized by intensive, high-density utilization, often in the form of skyscrapers. (Enter only one word per blank.)central business districtWhich of these patterns most closely illustrates the pattern of population associated with family status?BDue to the effect of competitive bidding for land, both ______ and ______ decrease with distance from the central business district of a city.population density; land valueWhich of these are features of automobile-based cities? (Select all that apply.)Development along highway corridors Urban sprawl Multiple business districtsInstitutional and ______ controls have a strong influence of land use patterns in cities.governmentThe tendency for city residents to segregate themselves into groups on the basis of things such as income and stage in life is fostered by ______.the size and availability of housingThe social status of an individual or a family is determined by ______. (Select all that apply.)home value occupation educationWith increasing distance from the city center, the average age of the head of household typicallydeclinesPatterns of social status divisions typically resemble the ______ model of urban land use.sectorWhich of these images represents the population pattern associated with ethnicity?CThe Ernest Burgess ______ depicts five rings of different land use radiating out from the central business district.concentric zone modelThe ______ model proposes that high-rent residential areas expand outward from the city center along major transportation routes.sectorA good housing indicator of social status is ______.number of people per roomThe ______ states that large cities develop by the spread of several peripheral nodes, not just from the central business district.multiple-nuclei modelWhich of these diagrams shows the population pattern associated with social status?AThe recent trend of the decline of the city center as people move outward into suburbs can be explained by ______. (Select all that apply.)shorter workweeks widespread homeownership new roads and transportation flexibilitySpatial patterns determined by ______ most closely resemble the multiple-nuclei urban land use model.ethnicityis the trend of people moving away from the urban core to where home prices are lower. (Enter only one word per blank.)SuburbanizationThis image shows what type of urban form?Concentric zoneWhat type of urban form is shown in this image?SectorWhat urban form is shown in this image?Multiple-nucleiShorter work weeks, new roads, and new transportation systems have all opened up new acreages to ______.urban developmentare large nodes of office and commercial buildings outside traditional downtowns in what had previously been residential or rural areas. (Enter only one word per blank.)Edge citiesUrban sprawl, including residential areas, industrial parks, and shopping centers, is a consequence of ______.suburbanizationSuburbanization has led to a redistribution of jobs and population, resulting in ______.the decline of the central cityThe slowest growth in large cities has taken place in the ______ United States.easternWhat industries have been part of the growth of the new urban core thanks to advancements in digital technologies? (Select all that apply.)Health care Finance Corporate managementSuburban areas can expand to the point where multiple metropolitan areas coalesce, forming a continuous built-up region, often called a(n)megalopolisThe ______ acknowledges the impact of automobiles on city land use patterns. It proposes a circumferential highway outside the center city around which residential areas and business nodes form.peripheral modelWhy does the migration of people from the central city to the suburbs lead to a decline of the central city? (Select all that apply.)Loss of tax revenue to the suburbs Loss of business to the suburbs Concentration of poorer residents in the central cityDisplacement of low-income, frequently minority families by middle- and high-income professionals is one negative side effect of ______.gentrificationThe fastest growth in large cities is mostly taking place in the ______ United States.westernWhat happened to the tax revenue in cities in the first few months of coronavirus pandemic?It fell.What is believed to be a major factor in the recent trend of urban renewal in the core of many cities?The rise of digital communications technologyCities that are compact, have most residents in apartments, have narrow streets, and houses that rarely have large yards or gardens are most likely to be found in ______.Western EuropeThe goals of communist governments when planning cities were to _____. (Select all that apply.)limit city size and avoid sprawl segregate land uses create neighborhood equality and self-sufficiencyWhat type of urban land use pattern is shown here?PeripheralWhich groups of people are fueling the growth in inner-city population? (Select all that apply.)Young professionals "Empty nesters" New immigrantsThe fastest-growing cities and urban populations are found in thedevelopingSelect effects of the coronavirus pandemic and related shutdown had on cities. (Select all that apply.)Water pollution fell. Air pollution fell.Which of the following are characteristics of Western European cities?Most residents live in apartments. Relatively low skyline Compact and pedestrian-friendlyMany cities in developing countries are the products of , established as ports or outposts of administration, built by Europeans on a Western model. (Enter only one word per blank.)colonialismWhich of the following are characteristics of Eastern European cities?High building and population densities Large central square ringed by government buildings Almost universal apartment dwelling Sharp break between urban and rural land usesWhat role is depicted here in terms of urban structure for Guanajuato, Mexico?Religious centerMuch of the urban population growth in developing countries is fueled by ______.rural flightWhich three features are common to many cities in developing countries?Colonial legacy Squatter settlements Inadequate facilities for large populationsMatch the names for squatter settlements with the countries they are associated with. InstructionsFavela=Brazil Kampung=Indonesia Barrio=Mexico Katchiabadi=PakistanWhich of these are reasons for the creation of a planned city? (Select all that apply.)Draw people away from overgrown metropolises Encourage more-uniform national development House new industrial centersWhich of the following is not an example of a developing world city that was initially founded by colonialism?Brasilia, BrazilLand use patterns in capital cites tend to reflect the centralization ofgovernmentIn many developing countries, the population is disproportionately concentrated in a singleprimateMany of the new arrivals in developing country cities live in _______.squatter settlementscities, such as Brasilia in Brazil, are those that are conceived of and then built on previously undeveloped land. (Enter only one word per blank.)Planned