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Properties
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Terms in this set (18)
Associative property
The grouping of the numbers may be changed without affecting the sum or product.
Ex: 5 +(3 +2) = (5+3) +2
Commutative property
The order in which the numbers are added or multiplied does not change the sum or product.
3 x 5 = 5 x 3
Distributive property
To multiply a sum by a number, the number outside the parentheses by each of the addends inside the parentheses.
5(2+4) = 5 x 2 +5 x 4
Zero property of multiplication
The product of any number and zero is zero.
8 x 0 = 0
Inverse property of addition
The sum of a number and it's additive inverse is 0.
3 + -3 = 0
Inverse property of multiplication
The product of a number and it's multiplicative inverse is 1
2/5 x 5/2 = 1
Additive identity property
The sum of any number and 0 is the number.
-7 + 0 = -7
Multiplicative identity property
The product of any number and 1 is the number.
-8 x 1 = -8
2 + 0 = 2
Identity Property of Addition
3 x 1 = 3
Identity Property of Multiplication
6 x 0 = 0
Zero Property
3 x 7 = 7 x 3
Commutative Property
10 + 2 = 2 + 10
Commutative Property
(7+6) + 5 = 7 + (6 + 5)
Associative Property
(6 x 2) x 4 = 6 x (2 x 4)
Associative Property
3/4 x 4/3 = 1
Inverse Property of Multiplication
2 x 1/2 = 1
Inverse Property of Multiplication
2 + -2 = 0
Inverse Property of Addition
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