Exam 2 Cognitive Science

The Dynamical Systems Hypothesis is an alternative to both the rule-based (symbolic) and connectionist approaches to cognitive systems.

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What is one empirical finding in the study of the A-not-B error that is difficult for traditional accounts of the A-not-B error to explain?

(select one)
1) The error goes away as children get older.
2) Changing the infant's posture eliminates the error.
3) The error shows that infants do not have the concept of object permanence.
4) The error shows that abstract mental representations don't appear until about 12 months.
According to Chalmers, the 'hard' problem of consciousness is the problem of: (select one) 1) explaining the difference between being awake and being asleep 2) explaining subjective experience 3) explaining how we deliberately control our behavior 4) explaining how attention gets focused2) explaining subjective experienceIndividuals with blindsight and spatial neglect show evidence of some visual processing of stimuli presented to the blind/neglected region of space, but without conscious awareness. True/FalseTrueThe dorsal and ventral anatomical pathways in the visual system have been associated with a number of features. Indicate two correct features for each pathway. -Ventral -DorsalVentral Pathway: -conscious processing -vision for perception Dorsal Pathway: -unconscious processing -vision for actionThe Global Neuronal Workspace Theory solves Chalmers' 'hard' problem of consciousness. True/FalseFalseThe false belief task is used to study mindreading in children. True/FalseTrueChildren with autism have difficulty with false belief task. True/FalseTrueAccording to Leslie, pretending a banana is a telephone is an example of a meta-representation. True/FalseTrueCaching behavior in scrub jays provides evidence that Corvids have episodic memory. True/FalseTrueWhich of these is NOT an example of 'avian espionage' provided by Calyton? (select one) 1) Corvids cache out of sight of other corvids. 2) Corvids build traps for other corvids. 3) Corvids wait until other potentially watching corvids are distracted to hide their food. 4) Corvids will deceive other corvids by re-hiding their food after the other corvids have left.2) Corvids build traps for other corvids.Select three reasons Clayton gives for studying intelligence in Corvids: - they can fly - They show evidence of tool use - They have an extended developmental period - They have feathers rather than fur - Many corvids live in complex social groups -they have harsh, loud, voices1) They show evidence of tool use 2) They have an extended developmental period 3) Many corvids live in complex social groupsOne example of the use of tools by Corvids is the use of hooked tools. True/FalseTrue