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Nursing Exam 1
Terms in this set (80)
How is an antibody test different than a antigen test?
an antibody test does not respond to the pathogen but the bodies' reaction to the pathogen
How many shots are included in a kittens series of FVRCP
What is the 3,2,1 protocol?
A lump should be aspirated if it has been present for 3 months, the lump is larger than 2 cm, the lump has last 1 month past vaccination
Why does AAHA not recommend the dogs be vaccinated for Giardia or Coronavirus?
The vaccines are not very effective
What virus is not covered in a FVRCP vaccination?
At what age can puppies be vaccinated for rabies?
T/F For feline patients, the FVRCP, covering Rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia, in addition to rabies are given as core vaccines.
Which disease is not through canine core vaccines?
T/F Vaccine related sarcomas in cats are a common occurrence, therefore we give shots as distally as possible.
Medical records serve many purposes, of the purposes listed, which is not a primary purpose?
Serves as a legal document
When we record information in a problem-oriented format, we use SOAP notes. Where would we record the CBC, we got back from the lab?
The abbreviation WNL stands for?
within normal limits
Which of the following are not included in the signalment of the patient
Why is it so important that we record medical information accurately and legibly?
Easier to compile an invoice for the owner, It can be used as evidence in a court of law, Other vet techs should be able to continue the animals care.
T/F The medical record is a legal document and can/will be used in a court of law if a client brings legal charges.
Some breeds of dogs are prone to certain medial conditions, and therefore knowing what breed we are working with can help lead to the diagnosis of a condition. Dalmatians, as s breed example, are prone to which medial condition?
Who owns the medical records of a patient?
The owners of the clinic
Medical records for a patient must have the owner's permission to be released to a third party. What is the reason this rule would be be followed?
In the case of the animal being diagnosed with a reportable disease, If the medical records are needed for a court
If medical information in a medical record is grouped by subject, this would be what type of formatting?
When you walked into the exam room you noticed that Benny the basset hound did not get up to greet you but stayed on the floor with his head down. Where would this type of mentation be noted in your SOAP notes?
The animal is being kept over night in the clinic, will be hooked up to isotonic fluids being given IV, off food for 12 hours, ovariohysterectomy in the morning. This type of information would be placed in what area of the SOAP notes?
A greyhound, Boomer, is in for his yearly check up. You are performing a physical exam and note his heart rate is 184 bpm. Does this fall into the normal heart beat range for dogs?
When checking over the animals, which lymph node is not routinely palpable?
What is the normal heart rate for canine patients?
When you are documenting an animals mentation, you are evaluating what about the animal?
The mood of the animal
Which is a better way to ask about a patients diet with the owner?
Tell me about your pets diet, What type of food does your pet eat in addition to its regular meals?
When the femoral pulse is not in sync with the beating of the heart, this is referred to as what?
A pulse deficient
The pulse of a cat or dog can be assessed by placing your hand at which vessel?
Lack of lung sounds in the dorsal area of the lungs may point to what condition?
Normal heart sounds fo "Lub-dub", these sounds correlate with what action in the heart?
The closing of the valves in the heart
What are the normal respiration values for cats?
We evaluate the capillary refill time by pressing on the gums of the animal and seeing how long it takes for the color to return. A CRT of more than 2 seconds points to what issue?
When auscultating the lungs of a patient with suspected pulmonary edema, what sound will be heard in the stethoscope?
Where on a feline patient should you start auscultating the heart?
Over the sternum
This tool is used to evaluate the eyes of a patient during a physical examination.
The sclera of an animal with liver disease will show signs of icterus, this appears as what color?
T/F The feline rabies vaccine is placed in the right rear leg as dorsally as possible
This which type of vaccine interacts with cells as a means to initiate an immune response?
Which is an example of passive immunity?
A puppy nurses from its mother
In what situation would we not have given an animal a vaccine?
The animal is running a fever
T/F When you inject the diluent into the freeze-dried vaccine, shake viciously to make sure all the material is mixed. If not mixed well the animal may not be fully vaccinated.
What is the difference between core and noncore vaccines?
Noncore vaccines are recommended based on lifestyle and environment
Which of the following in not considered an infectious vaccine
After reconstituting a vaccine, how long is it good for?
Which type of vaccine can be stored as a liquid and does not need reconstituted?
An adjuvant is added to which type of vaccine?
What is the purpose of the adjuvant?
It increases the immune response
Since most clients will not understand medical terminology, what is an appropriate way to refer to the tympanic membrane?
Which of the following vaccines for felines are placed in the left hindlimb?
T/F A veterinary technician can never give a rabies vaccine
The purpose of anal glands is?
Marking of territory
The factors contribute to an animal having difficulty expressing anal glands?
Weight, Breed, and Age
T/F If anal glands rupture this is a serious condition, and the animal will need to have anal sacculectomy.
T/F If anal gland secretions have a fowl order, it is a good sign that there may be an infection within the anal sac, and you should let the vet know.
Normal anal gland secretions should be which color?
Off white, Tan, Dark Brown
Which is not a clinical sign of anal gland issues?
Which route of drug administration will have the fastest onset?
How can we asses out placement of out needle when giving subcutaneous injections?
Pull back on the plunger to make sure there is not blood and then inject.
Of the following types of drugs, which should not be placed IV?
Chemo drugs, Anticonculsant drugs, and cardiopulmonary drugs
Which route of drug administration is not parenteral?
Why should gloves be warn when working with transdermal medications?
To avoid absorption of the drug
T/F When giving multiple topical ophthalmic drugs, solutions should always be placed before ointments
In what situation would giving fluids subcutaneous be contraindicated?
If the animal is severely dehydrated
When giving IM injections, which nerve should we take caution to avoid?
Allergy testing is a good example of which route of administration?
T/F Medications that are applied be transdermal administration can have both a local and systemic effect on the patient.
Which is not a drug that can be applied by transdermal administration?
What is the most common route of drug administration?
What what angle should the syringe and needle be held at for attempting blood collection?
25 degree angle
What is the size of needle most used when performing blood collection in cats and small dogs?
Blood collection from the medial saphenous vein is most commonly performed on which animal?
How should a patient be positioned for a lateral saphenous blood draw?
Standing and lateral restraint
Why are blood draws from the cephalic vein usually avoided?
The cephalic vein is where catheters are usually placed
Blood collection tube should include what information?
Pets name, date, owners date
Why should you select an appropriately sized syringe for blood draws?
Larger syringes can create a vacuum
Pressure is applied to the vein post blood to avoid what from occurring?
When occluding the jugular vein for a blood draw, where is the vein held off at?
The thoracic inlet
What is a benefit of collecting blood from a back leg in an animal?
You are further from the mouth
A dog a NCTA needs its blood drawn. The animal weighs 64 pounds. How many ml of blood can be draw from this animal a 7 day period of time?
We are performing surgical testing on a dog housed at the school. The dog weighs 24lbs we will need to collect blood for a CBC, chemistry, and clot time. After reviewing the medical record, it was noted that 4 ml of blood was taken 3 days ago. How much blood can we pull from this animal today?
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