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World History Chapter 5 Vocabulary - Ancient Rome

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Republic
government where leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have right to vote
Patrician
great land owners who became Rome's ruling class
Plebeian
large roman group of less wealthy land owners, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers
Consul
cheif executive roman officer; 2 elected each year, one ran government the other lead army into battle
Praetor
roman official in charge of enforcing civil law
Triumvirate
government with 3 people with equal power
Dictator
absolute ruler
Imperator
roman commander-in-cheif
Pax Romana
roman period of peace and prosperity
paterfamilias
dominant male who headed a household
insulae
apartment blocks where poor people lived made by concrete
procurator
roman official in charge of a provine
new Testament
2nd part of Christian Bible
clergy
Christian church leader
Laity
regular church members
plague
epidemic disease
inflation
rapid increase of price