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theatre exam one

STUDY
PLAY
theatre
something is seen, something is done, an action is witnessed
theatre
the building itself where plays are held
theatre
the company, troupe, players, or ensemble
theatre
an occupation
big enough for someone to do something and for someone to watch
what's the minimum requirement for a "space" to be considered a theatre?
more people-> more minds-> better collaborated; share your passion with; money->expensive to put on a show
why form a company?
share the same passion; the kind of story they want to tell
what defines a particular troupe or ensemble?
style, region, or even the work of a particular playwright
"theatre" can be used to describe what?
producer
what theater profession's responsibilities include financing the production?
directing
boss of that particular performance
acting
go on stage and perform
designing
sound, set, lighting, costume, props (in charge)
building
construction, electricians, carpenters
crewing
run every night (control special effects)
stage manager
in charge of on stage
house managing
theatre profession includes the responsibility of admitting and seating audience members
playwrights
write the plays
performance going on a specific time in specific place, audience, paid, stars, passionate, costumes, managers, live
items in common between theatre and sports
theatre is scripted, sports are not-dont know how sporting events will end
differences between theatre and sports
art
the attempt to communicate something and self-express yourself
help us grow
what are the goals of art?
mediocrity
what is artistic death?
the mask
in classical times, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience
presentational and representational
two primary performance modes..
presentational mode
direct to the audience, acknowledgement
representational mode
as if there is no audience.. "the fourth wall"-actors pretend audience isn't there
no one dies but we believe they do anyway
samual coleridge
what does "the suspension of disbelief" mean?
who said it?
empathy for the character, stimulated, entertained, engaged in some way
what does the audience want out of a performance?
scripted and rehearsed but still live every time
audience rapport (energy-characters feed off of it)
two ways in which live performance is different from a television or film presentation..
play
-life framed to become art (human action)
-an event taking place in real time-in front of an audience
-"dramatic" literature-not meant to be read->should be acted out
-willing exhibitionism-willing to conquer public speaking
duration, genre
ways of classifying plays
spilt up the day; things to do between lunch and dinner; before bed, after dinner
in western drama, a full length play traditionally lasts 2 to 3 hours, why?
tragedy, and comedy
two types of theatrical genres
catharthis
what is the word which describes the purging or cleansing of negative energy which the audience should feel at the conclusion of a tragedy?
protagonist
good person, heroic, good background, however has a tragic flaw
antagonist
bad thing, force that opposes protagonist
comedy
-plot requires a happy ending
-social rather than metaphysical conflict (fake place between people)
-share many of tragedy's themes
-excess are punished but in an amusing way
true
true or false..
a tragic hero battles larger than life forces and super-human antagonists
false
true or false..
in the ancient greek theatre, comic characters encounter larger than life comic obstacles.
dark comedy
what kind of play begins comically but ends disturbingly?
history plays
what type of play deals with kings or heads of state?
farce
what type of play employs exaggerated comic characters in a wildly hilarious treatment of a trivial theme?
dramaturgy
what classical critical work analyzed a play through the division of its parts?
exposition
what word best describes the background information which is presented within a play that the audience must have in order to understand the action of the piece?
denouement
what is the word that describes the resolution that follows the climax in a play?
climax
what is the word that describes the moment of maximum tension in a play when the conflict can no longer be sustained?
kind
what does the french word "genre" mean?
thespis: the "first" anchor-ancient greek
what is the origin of the word thespian?
presentational and representational
what are the two notions of acting as defined by cohen?
presentational notion
a strong flexible body, a trained voice, dance training, stage combat training, acrobatics/gymnastics, circus skills, and puppetry skills
representational notion
"becoming the character", stanislavski system, the american "method"
the "method"
what is the name of the American acting technique which is based on the work of Konstantin Stanislavski?
sides audition
what type of audition uses readings from the actual performance script?
blocking
the specific staging of a play's movements, ordinarily by the director; refers to the precise indications of where actors are to move, moment by moment, during the performance.
subtext
the deeper and usually unexpressed "real" meanings of a character's spoken lines. according to stanislovski
true
true or false:
an actor's physical instrument is trained to strengthen his/her presentational skill set?
body, voice, and brain
what is the actor's instrument?
false
true or false:
an actor's inner psychological preparation refers to the presentational mode of acting?
action-what people are doing
what is the "core of every play"?
external (dialogue and physical actions)
internal (psychology and author's voice)
What are the playwright's two primary tools?
compression
what is the word used to describe the technique playwrights use to condense a story into a theatrical time frame
linear
what is the word that describes a point to point chronological plot line?
gravity
what quality of a play, described by cohen, refers to a piece that deals with issues of serious or lasting significance?
false
true or false:
actors are in demand so the market is not very competitive
stage presence (virtuosity)
what is the word that describes an actor's charisma and confidence on stage?
pertinence
what is the quality of a play, as defined by cohen, that refers to a piece that includes many details about the world where the play takes place
false
true or false:
playwrights always work closely with directors and actors during the rehearsal process
true
true or false:
a play is said to have depth of characterization when the characters act as mouthpieces for the playwrights views and opinions
false
true or false:
a play must include dialogue to be considered legitimate
Lee Strasberg
who founded the actor's studio?
false
true or false:
a prepared audition should be between five and ten minutes in length, focusing on one piece primarily to show the actors depth of character