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Kin 2501-Exam 1 practice
Terms in this set (93)
sport & exercise
What are the two types of physical activity?
What is the birthplace of Western civilization?
What was the first dominant culture in Europe?
Which book featured the detailed account of the funeral games for Patroclus (competitions)?
Which book featured Odysseus proving himself and discus-throwing?
one who competes for a prize
What is an "athlete"?
Unity of "man of action" and "man of wisdom"
What was the Greek ideal?
What is the name for all-around physical, mental, moral excellence one strove for?
What was the military, discipline-oriented society in Greece?
age 7; preparation for the military
At what age did education for males begin in Sparta? What was the main focus?
they were examined and left to die if they were "unfit"
What happened when a male was born in Sparta?
Women received limited training for ______ ________.
In which city were the people "embracers of the Greek ideal"
only for upper-class boys
In Athens, who was trained?
Which society in Greece reflected dual emphasis on intelligence and physicality? (Greek ideal)
"Man of _____, man of ______."
informal, funeral games, wreath games, secular games
What were the four kinds of games in the Ancient Olympic games?
Which type of Athens games were between soldiers as they trained or waited for battle to pass time?
Which type of Athens games were well-organized contests held by warriors after the funeral of a man?
Which type of Athens games were held in Olympia and the prize was a wreath?
Which type of Athens games were initially held in over 300 cities primarily for entertainment?
Who is the god of victory?
Name the local officials who refereed the Ancient Olympic games.
What were the statues that lined the entrance to the Olympic games and were built from the fines of corrupt athletes (13 images of Zeus)?
put one finger up
How did the wrestler/boxer signal defeat in a fight?
to honor Zeus
Why were the Ancient Olympics held?
What was the largest of religious festivals?
every 4 years/late summer in Olmypia
When and where were the Ancient Olympics held?
What was the horse and chariot race track called?
nude Greek males
Who participated in the Ancient Olympics?
at least 10 months
How long did Olympic participants need to be trained for?
not initially; eventually young, unmarried women could attend
Were women allowed to go to the Olympics?
olive wreath, fame, fortune
What were the prizes for winning the Ancient Olympics?
horse & chariot, wrestling/boxing, pankration, footraces, pentathlon
What events were held in the Ancient Olympics?
9 miles, about 12 laps
In the horse and chariot race, how many laps around the hippodrome did they have to do?
Who did the olive wreath go to when there was a winner in the horse and chariot race?
leather straps; no weight classes
In wrestling/boxing matches, what did fighters wear on their hands and what were the weight classes?
wrestling and boxing combined
What was pankration?
discus, javelin, long jump, stade race, wrestling
What did the pentathlon consist of?
Overtime, the emphasis of the Olympics changed from religious to _________.
athletes trained specifically for certain events, coaches were past winners, cheating/bribery/corruption
What were some changes to the Olympics that gradually occurred overtime?
What games were unmarried women allowed to compete in?
Hera (Zeus' wife)
What were the Heraean games in honor of?
races; sacrificed a cow to Hera
What happened in the Heraean games?
What was the class order in Ancient Rome?
gladiators, events for business/entertainment, huge Colosseums
What did Rome contribute to sports?
What did Romans call the arena used for chariot racing?
usually two slaves fought to the death at funeral ceremonies
What happened in a gladiator contest?
Gladiators were owned by ______ ___.
Gladiators were trained by _______.
Gladiators worshiped _________ in cults.
Few gladiators lived past the age of ___.
1. bestarii, 2. executions, 3. gladiator fighting
What would spectators at gladiator contests see during their day?
man vs animal, animal vs animal
What is "bestarii"?
many left for lunch during this time; staged as a play where the criminal actually dies in the end
Describe executions in the day of gladiator contests.
Who determined whether gladiators lived or died?
hand to hand
What was the main way of fighting in gladiator contests?
What is a theater in the round called?
wood then concrete
What were amphitheaters first made of? Then what?
In gladiator contests, gladiators were _____ and slaves were ___.
What types of games were played by the lower-class in Great Britain?
What types of games were played by the upper-class in Great Britain?
rowing, track, soccer
What are some team sports (school-based) that were played in Great Britain? (Scholastic sport)
Who were considered "clean" athletes in Great Britain?
Which country believed in the "sport builds character" motto?
When amateurs turned into professionals, what changed?
What was the earliest form of golf called?
a bent stick and feather-stuffed ball
What did one use to play paganica?
because men were playing gold instead of practicing archery to fight
At one point in time, golf was banned in Scotland. Why?
Where did golfe originate?
What was the birthplace of modern golf?
Scotland; 18 holes, stroke play
Where were the rules of golf established and what were they?
clubs=trees/fruit trees; balls=feather-centered, stitched with horse hide
In the 1700s, what were golf clubs and golf balls made out of?
Which country led the way for P.E. in schools?
Who established the Philanthropinum?
What was the name of the school for boys in Germany established by Johann Basedow?
Who introduced Greek gymnastics?
Who was the "father of gymnastics"?
Who was called the "Turnvator"?
Which German man wrote the first books describing a P.E. curriculum that would later become the norm for P.E. in the school system?
(gymnastic place; outdoor gym)
(the gymnastic movement)
(people who did gymnastics)
Who was the "father of the Swedish movement cure"?
What is considered by most historians as the fatherland of modern sports?
What is the term for the highly organized and sophisticated program of competitive sports that was created in Greece?
When were the first Olympic games held?
The first Ancient Olympic games consisted of only one event: the _____ ____.
a footrace of 600 feet
What was a stade race?
All Olympic participants had to appear at Olympia ___ month(s) before the beginning of the games for final preparation under the supervision of the ____________.
In the early Ancient Olympics games, participants competed in the ___.
they were proud of their bodies
Why did Olympics participants compete in the nude?
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