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The Black Death
Terms in this set (20)
Asia, Italy, Spain, France, North Africa and Arabia
What countries were effected by the Black Death?
Before the Black Death occurred, the population was increasing. As soon as the plage occurred, the population decreased ver quickly. This was because 1/3 of Europe's population was affected by the Black Death. The victims of the plage became EVERYONE, no matter if they were rich, poor, a priest or a peasant.
What impact did it have on the population?
The disease was transmitted by infected fleas that carried on to rats (rodents). It spreaded to different countries through trade.
How did the Black Death transmitted?
1. Bubonic- The swellings or buboes- they would appear on the victims armpits, neck or groin. This form of the plague was transmitted by fleas.
2. Pneunomic- Effected the Respiratory system- spreaded when the victims exhaled air (breathed out) or coughed.
3. Sepmamatic- Most deadly form of the plague as it attacked the blood system.
What were the three different forms of the plage?
Fever, headaches, vomiting, black swellings (the size of eggs) on the armpits or groin and dark spots on the skin.
What were the symptoms of the plage?
When people were walking around the town that the Black Death had already spreaded to, they would carry nice smelling things with them, as the thought it would prevent them from getting the disease. They would carry things such as flowers and perfume. This was miasma, which mean poisoned air.
What methods were used to prevent the spread of the plage?
Placing a fig, cooked onion with yeast and butter or dried toad. another option was "the bleeding of the patient". This meant that the poison (or the lancing) of the boils and swellings were released.
What were the medical treatments for the plage?
The priests suffered the most as all of the people thought that it was a punishment from God, so they wanted an exclamation.
What group of people suffered the highest rate of mortality due to the plage?
What effect did the spreaded of the disease have on families, communities and society?
The plage killed entire families. If the parents died, the children were left all alone. When someone got the plague within the household, they were kicked out of the house. Families deserted members who had the plague.
Many people thought that the plague was a punishment sent from God. People punished themselves to gain God's forgiveness. Some people also thought that the Jewish people started the spreaded of the disease.
Who was blamed for the start of the disease?
Burials- There was not enough "holy ground", so there was one large hole dug and everyone was thrown in there. A priest would bless the dead people before the were thrown into the hole.
Burials without prayers- The priest did not bless anyone as too many people were dying.
Burials and burials without prays.
The Rich people did not want to touch the dead bodies, so the peasants demanded for more money in order to do the job of removing the dead bodies into the hole.
What was the peasants revolt?
People started to turn against the church as they believed that the plage was a punishment snit from God. This is how burials without prayers started as the church stopped blessing everyone.
What changes were made to the beliefs and values at the time?
Epidemic- A spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time (usually two weeks or less).
Pandemic- A disease that had spreaded through human populations across a large region- even world wide.
What does epidemic and pandemic mean?
A medieval representation in which a personified death lead all types of people to the grave/ death.
What was the dance of death?
A swollen inflamed lymph node on the armpit or groin.
What is bubo?
Occurred in the mid 14th century- approximately 1346 through to 1350.
When did the Black Death occur?
The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history.
What was the Black Death?
Males- 35 years old
Females- 31 years old
Infant (child)- Miracle if they survived
Once the person got the disease, after 3-5 days, the person would of died.
What was the life expectancy?
What did not help the people suffering from the Black Death, was that there living conditions were cramped and the sanitary (health) conditions was fowl. Most mid sized towns were filthy as there was open drains, meat and fish floating in the streets and polluted water with flowing sewerage pits.
What were the living conditions?
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