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66 terms

exploring medical terms chapter 5, medical terms

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Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion
Bronchiectasis
Dilation of the bronchi
Bronchogenic carcinoma
Cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus
Bronchopneumonia
Diseased state of the bronchi and lungs usualy caused by infection
Diaphragmatocele
Hernia of the diaphragm
Epiglottitis
Inflammation of the epiglottis
Hemothorax
Blood in the chest/pleural space
Laryngotracheobronchitis
Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Abbr. LTB the acute form is called croup
Lobar pneumonia
Pertaining to the lobe(s); diseased state of the lung
pleuritis or pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
pneumatocele
hernia of the lung. lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest
penumoconiosis
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs. caused by excessive inhalation of mineral dust. when a disease is caused by a specific dust it named for the dust ex. silicosis(silica)
pneumonia
diseased state of the lung. the infection and inflammation are caused by bacteria such as strep, staphyl, pneumococcus, and haemophilis; viruses and fungi
pneumothorax
air in the chest (pleural space), which causes collapse of the lung often a result of an open chest wound
pulmonary neoplasm
pertaining to in the lung, a benign new growth
pyothorax or empyema
pus in the pleural space or chest
rhinitis
inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose
rhinomycosis
abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhinorrhagia or epistaxis
rapid flow of blood from the nose
thoracalgia
pain in the chest
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the trachea
acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury. symptoms- dyspnea, tachypnea, and cyanosis
asthma
respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, which caused by construction of airways that is reversible between attacks
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
a progressive lung disease that restricts air flow, which makes breathing difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main components of COPD but it may also be cause by chronic asthmatic bronchitis. Most COPD is a result of cigarette smoking.
coccidioidomycosis or valley fever or cocci
fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs
cor pulmonale
serious cardiaac disease associated with chronic lung disorder such as emphysema
croup
condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness and stridor. It may be caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body. Occurs mainly in children.
cystic fibrosis
hereditary disorder f the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucous production in the respiratory tract, pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms.
deviated septum
one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury of the nasal septum
emphysema
stretching of the lung tisshe cause by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
influenza or flu
highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus
Legionnaire Disease
a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophilia
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing and can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure
pertussis or whooping cough
highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tracht characterized by an acute crowing inspiration or whoop
pleural effusion
fluid in the pleural spaced caused by a disease process or trauma
pulmonary edema
fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism (PE)
matter foreign to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and its branches, where it blocks circulation to the lungs that can be fatal if of sufficient size or number. Blood clots broken loose from deep veins of the lower extremities are the most common source of the emboli
tuberculosis (TB)
an infectious disease, cause by an acid fast bacillus most commonly spread by an inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs
upper respiratory infection (URI) or cold
infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx
adenoidectomy
excision of the adenoids
adenotome
surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids
bronchoplasty
surgical repair of a bronchus
pleuroplexy
surgical fixation of the pleura
thoracocentisis or thoracentisis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity
tracheostomy
creation of an artificial opening into the trachea
capnometer
instrument used to measure carbon dioxide
oximeter
instrument used to measure oxygen
spirometer
instrument used to measure breathing
acapnia
condition of absense or less than normal level of carbon dioxide in the blood
anoxia
conditino of absense or deficiency of oxygen in the blood
bronchospasm
spasmodic contraction in the bronchi
diaphragmatic or phrenic
pertaining to the diaphragm
endotracheal
pertaining to with in the trachea
eupnea
normal breathing
orthopnea
able to breathe easier in a straight upright position
phrenospasm
spasm of the diaphragm
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose as in cold
tachypnea
rapid breathing
mucopurulent
containing both mucus and pus
nebulizer
a device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment
paroxysm
periodic, sudden attack
patent
open, allowing passage of air through airways
sputum
mucous secretion form the lung, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute from breathing
bronchodialator
agent causing the bronchi to widen