53 terms

Pre-Ap History Ch. 22 Key People

Matching : Mr. Hartman

Terms in this set (...)

Susan B. Anthony
American crusader against slavery and in favor of women's rights
Ludwig van Beethoven
German composer who combined classical forms with a stirring range of sound
Alexander Graham Bell
patented the telephone
Karl Benz
patented the first automobile
Henry Bessemer
developed a process to purify iron ore and produce a new substance that is lighter and more durable called steel
B'nai B'rith
Jewish organization in the U.S. that provided much needed Social Service
Charles and Catherine Booth
Set up the first salvation army in London in 1878
Mathew Brady
American photographer whose photos provided the world with a chilling pic of the U.S. Civil War
Charlotte Bronte
British novelist responsible for the romantic classic Jane Eyre
Lord Byron
English poet and larder-than-life figure whose life and work came to Epitomize romantic ideals
William Cockerill
British mechanic who opened factories in Belgium
Gustave Courbet
French realists painter - "The Stone Breakers"
Louis Daguerre
Frenchman who improved on earlier technologies to produce successful photography in the 1840s
Gottlieb Daimler
German inventor who introduced the first four-wheeled automobile in 1887
John Dalton
English Quaker school teacher who developed the modern atomic theory
Charles Darwin
British naturalists who put forth a controversial theory of evolution based on natural selection
Emily Davies
campaigned for woman to be allower entrance into Cambridge University; achieved goal in 1897
Eugene Delacroix
"Liberty Leading the People" - French romantic painter known for filling his painting with dramatic action in such paintings
Charles Dickens
"Oliver Twist" - English novelists that vividly portrayed the lives of slum dwellers & factory workers
Alexandre Dumas
Romantic French novelist who re-created France's past with "The 3 Musketeers"
Thomas Edison
American inventor who invented the first electric light bulb in the 1870s
Michael Faraday
English chemist who created the first simple electric motor and the first machine that generates electricity
Henry Ford
began mass producing cars
Paul Gauguin
post-impressionists painter whose brooding color and black outlining of shapes convey intense feelings and images
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Romantic German writer known for his dramatic poem "Faust"
Georges Haussmann
Chief planner of Napoleon III who was responsible for the successful urban renewal of Paris in the 1850s
Victor Hugo
French novelist who realistically portrayed the ills of his time in "Les Miserables"
Henrik Ibsen
Norwegian dramatist who brought realism to the stage in such plays as "A Doll's House" and "An Enemy of the People"
Robert Koch
identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis
Alfred Krupp
German Tycoon who inherited and greatly expanded the family steel making business into a German Monopoly
Joesph Lister
discovered how antiseptic prevented infection
Charles Lyell
Scottish geologist whose writings such as "Principles in Geology" greatly influenced modern geology; offered evidence to show that the Earth formed over millions of gears
Guglielmo Marconi
invented the radio
Dmitri Mendeleyev
Russian chemist that drew up a table that grouped elements by their atomic weights
Claude Monet
French impressionist who used brush strokes of color side by side without any blending
Samuel Morse
developed the telegraph
Florence Nightingale
insisted on better hygiene in war time field, hospitals, introduced sanitary measure in British hospitals, and found the world's first nursing school
Alfred Nobel
Swedish chemist who invented dynamite in 1866
Nikolaus Otto
invented a gasoline=powered internal combustion engine
Louis Pasteur
proved the link between microbes and disease, developed vaccines against rabies and anthrax and discovered the process Pasteurization, the killing of disease-carrying microbes in milk
Karl Pearson
British mathematician who promoted social Darwinism in the late 1800's
John Rockefeller
US Tycoon that built standard oil company of Ohio into a massive monopoly
Salvation Army
successful Christian service organization started in England
George Seurat
post impressionist painter that arranged small dots of color to define the shapes of objects
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
worked with Anthony for woman's rights and social justice
Louis Sullivan
American architect who pioneered the building of skyscrapers
William Fox Talbot
Englishman who had improved on earlier technologies to produce more successful photographs in the 1840s
JMW Turner
Romantic painter who sought to capture the beauty and power of nature; produced over 20,000 paintings, drawings, and watercolors
Sojourner Truth
famous African American Suffragist and civil rights figure
Vincent Can Gogh
post-impressionist Dutch painter who experimented with sharp British lines and bright colors in such paintings as portrait of Dr. Cachet (Sold in 1990 for $82 million)
Alessandro Volta
Italian scientists who developed the first battery in 1800
Orville and Wilbur Wright
designed and flew the first airplane
Emile Zola
French realist who exposed class warfare in the French mining industry with his novel Germinal