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Efforts by cities to recruit and appeal to Amazon to build their second headquarters (as discussed in class) are an example of how governments:
Compete by engaging in 'strategic, anticipatory, and preemptive' activities
According to Sledge and Thomas, the way the disaster state is organized in the US can be conceptualized as a:
"Rube Goldberg machine"
According to Sledge and Thomas, non-governmental entities are crucial in disaster response due to the following EXCEPT:
The large-scale financial resources that non-profits typically have available for disasters
In class, the discussion of Beryllium highlighted the tradeoffs between:
Disease prevention vs. costs of implementing a standard
That governments can sometimes 'race to the bottom' and engage in 'destructive competition' suggests that:
Policy diffusion is not always beneficial
The following are all examples of "contributory" social welfare programs EXCEPT:
Sledge and Thomas' work suggests that, in the US, disaster response planning assumes that non-governmental entities (including businesses, non-profits, and religious groups) provide services. This can be a problem due to:
Both of these
One criticism of cost benefit analysis is that by selecting the alternative with the highest net benefit, the approach:
Is blind to the distribution of benefits across individuals
Among Shipan and Volden's 7 lessons are the following EXCEPT:
Governments always implement policies that have been tried elsewhere
As dicussed in class, Boushey describes how state policies on the death penalty, state lotteries, and the Amber alert system are examples of:
According to Birkland's chapter on eCampus (Figure 1.2), he proposes a model of event-related policy learning where increased attention and group mobilization are both components.
According to Schneider et al. (2014), the allocation of benefits and burdens of particular policies depends most on:
power and social construction of target populations.
Cost-benefit analysis requires viewing policy and its potential benefits from a/an:
Utilitarian, economic logic
According to Peters and discussed in class, cost benefit analysis is made possible by quantifying both costs and social benefits in terms of:
Numerous commentators and former government officials suggest that the US federal budget process is broken (e.g. takes too long and is too fragile). One proposal that we discussed in class to improve the process includes ____________.
Switching from an annual budget cycle to a once-every-two-years budget cycle, which would give Congress more time
In 2021, the US federal government spent __________.
A major distinction between Medicare and Medicaid is that Medicaid is a universal benefits program while Medicare is a means-tested program (by income)
According to the Wilkerson et al. reading and discussed in class, the text of the Affordable Care Act can be traced to many previously introduced bills. In particular, the authors trace the language associated with ______:
The ______________outlines the various taxes to be paid when importing goods to the US from particular countries, and is the result of trade policy and negotiations (e.g. free trade agreements or protectionist policies).
According to the textbook, healthcare in the US is a hybrid system of public and private provision of care. Most non-elderly adults have employer-sponsored private insurance and increasingly this coverage is through what are known as ___________ plans (e.g. HMOs/PPOs).
Medicare provides coverage for those that meet the following criteria EXCEPT:
those who are able to work, but have low enough incomes to qualify
Health policy, one can argue, encompasses more than just policies surrounding access to and the provision of healthcare. This broader view of health policy can be referred to as ________ and includes both the social environment and the physical environment.
the social determinants of health
Uninsured rates are lowest among __________________.
Children and those living in Medicaid expansion states.
Economic policy has the overall goals of ensuring stable prices, promoting full employment, balancing the federal budget, and encouraging economic growth. One way government does this is through fiscal policy, which includes ______________.
Taxing and spending
According to the Pacheco et al. reading and discussed in class, individuals were less polarized about the Affordable Care Act if:
A Republican governor announced Medicaid expansion
The major goals of economic policy include the following EXCEPT:
employing all those that want a job through government worker programs
Spending in the last fiscal year as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in:
increase in the federal budget deficit
Related to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Adolph et al. reading and discussed in class:
Partisanship of state governors is associated with the timing of public mask mandates
In 2017, Congress reduced the individual mandate penalty to _____, thereby eliminating the mandate and calling into question the law's constitutionality as a whole.
While fiscal policy refers to taxing and spending policy, monetary policy involves the supply of money in the economy, the setting of interest rate targets, and open market operations. The specific tools available to the federal government in this area include:
all of the above
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