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48 terms

Middle Ages Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
fief
Land, in general, under the feudal system
pilgrims
Medieval Christians who visited the Holy Land to visit places in which Jesus lived and died (plural)
bishops
Noblemen of the church who sometimes ruled over large land holdings and had knights under them (plural)
freemen
These people rented land from the lord and could leave the manor
agriculture
The foundation of medieval society; 'it' employed the majority of the population
500-1500
The Middle Ages lasted from___________AD
vassal
Lower lord or bishop
troubadours
Most of their songs dealt with love between knights and ladies etc.
homage
Act of swearing allegiance or obedience to a lord
liege lords
Lords who had the right to feudal allegiance (plural)
demesne
Each person's land was called_____
investiture
The vassal agrees to fulfill obligations to a lord and receives land in return
feudalism
A political system which results from the lack of a strong centralized government
political economic
While feudalism was the________system of this period, manorialism was the_______system (2 terms)
castle lands
The fiefdom consisted of the _____and_____ (2 terms and second one is plural)
ancient modern
Medieval refers to the period between_________and_________times (2 terms)
dark ages
A stormy period that marked the disintegration of the Roman Empire (2 terms)
protection army taxes
Loyal followers would receive_______ from the king on the condition that they would fight in his_______ and pay _____ to him (3 terms)
reeve
One who was in charge of the cultivation of the land
peasant serf villager villein
Four names that applied to the poor, unpaid people who lived on the manor (in alphabetical order)
land crossing
Two ways the lord grew more powerful was by taxing those who lived on his ____ and those_______his land (2 terms)
lay fallow oats wheat barley
The three field system consisted of one field to______ ______ or rest, one planted with _____, the last planted with ______ or barley (5 terms)
monks
Men who took vows of obedience, poverty, chastity; they lived together away from worldly temptations (plural)
nuns
Women who left home, lived together to save their souls (plural)
noblewomen
Ladies of the castle who supervised the upbringing of their children, made medicines, tended to the poor etc.
shepherds
Persons who tended sheep for the lord (plural)
knight-crusaders
Noblemen who sought to help recapture the Holy Land from the Turks (2 hypenated terms)
apprentice
A person just beginning their training in a trade
journeyman
A person who has learned his trade
bailiff
This person made sure that the work of the manor was done, produce sold, taxes collected
steward
This person kept track of the financial accounts of the manor
angles
The name of England came from this barbarian group's name
picts
This barbarian group liked to paint/tattoo their bodies blue
vikings
A particularly violent group of these barbarians were known as the 'berserkers'
vandals
This barbarian group looted, plundered, and destroyed various parts of Italy and Rome; Gaiseric was a famous leader
feudal lords became weak
1st reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)
peasants ceased being serfs or villeins
3rd reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)
ordinary people gained respect
2nd reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)
people wanted to be part of a nation, not a manor
4th reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 11 terms)
strong kings emerged
5th reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 3 terms)
buy his freedom
1st way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 3 terms)
enter the service of the church
2nd way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)
escape capture for a year and a day
3rd way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 8 terms)
perform a brave deed
4th way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)
bake bread in the lord's ovens
First privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)
grind grain in the lord's mill
2nd privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)
grow fruits and vegetables on the lord's land
Third privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 8 terms)
make wine in the lord's wine press
Fourth privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 7 terms)