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painful inflammation of the achilles tendon caused by excessive stress being placed on that tendon
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally and may form in muscles and internal organs as the result of an injury or surgery
also known as antispasmodic, administered to control spasmodic activity of smooth muscles such as those of the intestine.
becker's muscular dystrophy
a less severe illness and does not appear until early adolescense or adulthood, the progression is slower with survivial well into mid to late adulthood; only affects males.
carpal tunnel syndrome
occurs when the tendons passing through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflammed and swollen
nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region; pressure may be caused by muscle spasms due to repetitive motions or by compression of certain vertebral disks
to limp; pain in a limb while walking that subsides after rest; it is caused by inadequate blood supply
duchenne's muscular dystrophy
appears between 2 to 6 years of age, and progresses slowly, however, survival is rare beyond the late twenties; only affects males
also known as an EMG, records the strength of muscle contractions as the result of electrical stimulation
also known as nerve conduction studies, is a procedure for testing and recording neuromuscular activity by the electric stimulation of nerve trunk carrying fibers to and from the muscle
the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
a chronic disorder of unknown cause characterized by widespread aching pain, tender joints, and fatigue
a condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles with increased resistance to passive stretching
a condition of diminished tone of the skeletal muscles with decreased resistance to passive stretching
occurs when the tendons become inflammed and get caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint
a group on inherited muscle disorders that cause muscle weakness without affecting the nervous system
also known as MG, is a chronic autoimmune disease in which there is an abnormality in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of muscle weakness
a chronic, progressive disease affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy
the act of rotating the arm ot leg so the palm of the hand or sale of the foot is turned downward or backward
also known as hiccups, is myoclonus of the diapgragm that causes the characteristic hiccup sound with each spasm
also known as wryneck, is a stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
the act of rotating the arm or leg so the palm of the hand or sale of the foot is turned forward or upward.
the late appearance of dyskinesia as a side effect of long-term treatment with certain antipsychotic drugs
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