Terms in this set (42)
Why did America need a 'Great Awakening'?
The people who attended church practiced a cold, formalistic Christianity, and lacked spiritual zeal.
How did the requirement of church membership for political participation in New England lead to spiritual decline?
It was a name only faith. People thought if they did what a Christian did, then they were Christian. They were never truly converted.
What were the Revivals called in Britain? In America?
Methodist Revival, the Great Awakening.
Besides his famous sermon, what was Johnathon Edwards remembered for?
He is remembered as America's foremost theologian, and one of the greatest intellects. He played an important role in the Great Awakening, he was a New Englander.
Why did George Whitefield begin preaching outdoors?
Because many ministers banned him from preaching in church because of his evangilistic messages, and he attracted so many people. He preached to anyone who would listen.
What were the results of the Great Awakening?
Thousands of people were awakened, countless people were revived, Biblical Christianity was in the everyday lives of people, there were humanitarian efforts, people were speaking out against slavery, he brought music to worship.
What did the Indians say about David Brainerd?
They said that David did not just talk Jesus all the time, but he lived Jesus all the time. He preached to the Indians in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Which colleges were a result of the Great Awakening? Which one developed as a mission school for Indians?
Dartmouth, Princeton, Brown, Rutgers. Dartmouth was developed as a mission school for Indians.
Explain how the great Awakening influenced education, religious freedom, and political freedom.
It opened new colleges for the ministry, strengthened religious freedom in America, and also hastened political freedom.
Johnathon Edwards and Charles Wesley
Responsible for the Methodist Revival.
a Revival on a national level.
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,"
The most famous sermon in America
First black woman poet.
Preached to Indians in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Between 1689 and 1763, what four wars were fought between France and Britain? How was the fourth war different?
King William's War, Queen Anne's War, King George's War, and the French and Indian War. The fourth war differed because it started in Europe and spread to Europe.
Why did the Indians side with the French?
Because they were best buddies.
What are the dates of the French and the Indian War? What outcome would this war have on the future of North America?
1754-1763, established the supremacy of English tradition and liberty.
Why were General Braddock's soldiers easy targets for the French?
They wore Red coats, and played music. Loudly.
In what year did the tides turn in Britain's favor?
What was the French and Indian War called in other parts of the world?
The Seven Years War
What fortress-city did the French retreat to? Who was the victor in the ensuing battle?
They retreated to Quebec, and the next battle was won by New Engalnd.
a tall, 21 year old Virginian. Assumed command and saved a lot of soldiers from dying.
George Washington was in this group, It was a local militia of young men who preserved law and order in the country side
Was first and American fort, but was captured by the French, then recaptured by the English and renamed Fort Pitt
General Edward Braddock
Came to fight the Indians and the french, but did not fight like Indians.
What Spiritual Revivals in America helped unite the colonists together in a spirit of unity?
The Great Awakening.
How did colonial soldiers and British soldiers differ?
They differed in their manner and purpose
What was the occupation of most colonial Americans?
Most people were farmers.
What were the two fundamental errors of George III and his policy toward America?
He took out his frustrations with Parliament by lashing out against what he perceived as the weaker group- the colonists. He also appointed prime ministers to the Parliament who were determined to tax the colonies and violate established English liberties in the process.
Why had the British gone heavily in to debt? What was the Parliament's plan to finance the government?
They had debt from the seven years war, and they planned to tax the colonists and Great britain.
What would happen to the person who tried to avoid the Stamp Act? Why would the colonists resent this treatment?
They could be tried without a Parliament, and they resented this because the English law guaranteed the right to trial by jury.
Why did some colonists think that the large British army remained in America?
To keep them in subjection
What was the meeting of representatives on October 7, 1765 called? What did the representatives ask of the king?
The Stamp Act Congress, they asked for the king to defend their rights as englishmen to resist any taxation from the Parliament, and to restore the Royal Charters, which granted Representative powers to the colonial assemblies to determine taxes, and to restore the rights given to the original colonies.
came to the throne in 1760
new prime minister in England
Seven year's War
French and Indian War
Proclamation of 1763
it canceled all previous land grants given to the colonies by past kings and Parliaments
an act passed by the British parliment in 1756 that raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents
March 24, 1765 - Required the colonials to provide food, lodging, and supplies for the British troops in the colonies.
William Pitt the Elder
He believed that the colonies should have direct representation in the Parliament.
defended the colonies
Act passed in 1766 just after the repeal of the Stamp Act. Stated that Parliament could legislate for the colonies in all cases.