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19 terms

PPHR Exam 1 pt 1

Dr. Sweeney: Introduction to the Profession of Pharmacy
STUDY
PLAY
science
the method by which we draw conclusions; put things together for a common conclusion
Babylonia-Assyria
3000 BC; illness was a divine punishment, healing was purification, "catharsis" (release) was the penance, used botanical and mineral drugs, practices were considered "spiritually" active; "magic" and science went hand in hand; rod and serpent symbol
pharmakon
word in ancient greek for pharmaceutical practices; "magic" and science went hand in hand
Egypt
3000-1000 BC; pharmacist = physician, had lotions, suppositories and more by approx. 1500 BC
Ebers Papyrus
complete list of drugs and formulas from ancient Egypt (700 drugs/800 formulas)
Greece and Rome
1000 BC - 400 AD; Hippocrates, Galen; eager to explain nature, emphasized regulation of diet; disease was based on imbalance of the four humors, drugs could adjust the imbalance
Hippocrates
"father of medicine"
four humors
1) blood
2) phlegm
3) yellow bile
4) black bile
Galen
medicine and pharmacy were not a separate profession
Renaissance
when pharmacy and physician became separate professions
ninazu
babylonian/assyrian "lord of physicians"
ningischzida
babylonian/assyrian messenger god, son of ninazu
true
Romans adopted most of their medical perspectives from the Greeks
Asklepios
In the 7th Century, BC, _________ surpassed Appollo as the greatest of the healing gods
simples
one effect
composites
multiple effects
entities
drugs not effecting one of the major humors
history of pharmacy
effected moral issues, names, and symbolism
Pharmakeia
translated as "sorcerer" in the Scriptures; difference is in the motives