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121 terms

Medical Terminology

STUDY
PLAY
A combining form is
the root plus a combining vowel
Joint
arthr/o
Inflamation
-itis
prefix meaning under, deficient, or less than normal
hypo
Study of
-o/logy
Tumor of a gland
adenoma
visual examination of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy
prediction of an outcome
prognosis
nerve pain
neuralgia
ren/o
kidney
nephr/o
kidney
brain
cerebral
cancerous tumor
carcinoma
red blood cell
erythrocyte
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) can be caused by
thrombosis
an instrument to visually examine the urinary bladder
cystoscope
gastrectomy is the same as
gastric resection
glands that secrete hormomnes are
endocrine
cancerous white blood cells with high numbers of immature cells
leukemia
incision of the abdomen
laparotomy
maligant tumor of the flesh (connective tissue)
sarcoma
malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
carcinoma
a doctor that performs autopsies and examines biopsy samples
pathologist
a record of the electricity in the brain
electroencephalogram
Inflammationof the small intestine
enteritis
Blood protein found in red blood cells
hemoglobin
the system that controls breathing
respiratory
an individual unit that each part of the body is composed of is called a (an)
cell
the system that supports the body and allows it to move is the
musculoskeletal
the voicebox is the
larynx
the tube leading from the bladder to the of the body is the
urethra
the endocrine gland located at the base of the brain is the
pituitary
the nervous tissue that is surrounded by backbone is the
spinal cord
the chest cavity is the
thoracic cavity
the membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen is the
peritoneum
the bones of the hip
pelvis
The space in the chest that contains the heart and other organs is the
mediastinum
a backbone is a
vertebra
the backbones of the neck are
cervical
flexible connective tissue between the joints is
cartilage
the tailbone is the
coccyx
Anterior means
front
the plane that divides the body into right and left side is
sagittal
a series of x-ray images that show the body in a cross-section
CT scan
Pertaining to the skin
epithelial
Insision of the skull
craniotomy
pertaining to the throat
pharyngeal
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the lungs
pleuritis
the transverse plane
divides the body into upper and lower portions
visual examination of the abdomen by making a small incision near the navel is called
laparoscopy
-osis
abnormal condition
blood infection
septicemia
ear pain
otalgia
a condition in which the blood is held back from an organ
ischemia
a benign tumor of muscle
myoma
renal failure leads to this abnormal blood condition
uremia
enlargment of the liver
hepatomegaly
inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord
meningitis
the large intestine is called the
colon
disease of the muscle of the heart
cardiomyopathy
cancerous tumor of glandular (epithelial) cells is called
adenocarcinoma
discharge of blood during the menstrual period is called
menorrhea
a suffix meaning condition of hardening is
-sclerosis
pertaining to the groin
inguinal
condition of blood in the urine
hematuria
a myocardial infarction is a (an)
heart attack
a condition that lasts for a long time is called
chronic
a suffix that means resection is
-ectomy
a surgical procedure to remove fluid from the sac around the fetus is
aminocentesis
the removal of the fallopian tube
salpingectomy
x-ray record of the spinal cord
myelogram
removal of the pharyngeal lymph tissue
tonsilectomy
surgical repair fo the breast tissue
mammoplasty
separation of waste (urea) frmo the blood by filteration through a machine
hemodialysis
combining form for blood vessel
angi/o
creation of a new opening from the windpipe to the outside of the body
tracheostomy
treatment using drugs
chemotherapy
incision of the abdomen
laparotomy
not able to breath
apnea
before birth
antepartum
deficiency in the red blood cells or the hemoglobin within the red cells
anemia
excessive development
hypertrophy
a return of symptoms of an illness
relapse
difficult or painful urination
dysuria
a protein made by white blood cells and capable of destroying bacteria and viruses
antibody
an irregularity that occurs at birth
cogential anomaly
slow heartbeat
bradycardia
an artifical part
prostehesis
pertaining to under the sholder bone
subscapular
pertaining to both (two) sides
bilateral
process of recording sound waves to make an image of organs in the body
ultrasonography
endocrine glands that are near (above) each kidney
adrenal
the spread of cancerous tumor to another organ away fromthe original location
metastasis
two prefixes that mean "beyond"
ultra- and meta-
a word that means "complete separation" and is the process of seprarating wastes from the blood.
dialysis
a membrane that surrounds bone
periosteum
a prefix that has the same meaning as "ante"
pro-
poly- has a similar meaning with
hyper-
a group of symptoms that occur together is called a (an)
syndrome
a prefix that means "near, along the side of"
para-
abnormal collection of blood above the membrane covering the brain
epidural hematoma
two prefixes that mean "within"
endo- and intra-
if an organ slides or falls forward, the condition is called
prolapse
a specialist in treating glandular disorders is an
endocrinologist
a doctor trained to treat eye disorders
opthalmologist
a surgeon specializes in disorders of male reproductive system and urinary tract in males and females
urologist
a doctor who treats lung disorders
pulmonary specialist
a doctor who administers agents that cause loss of sensation during surgery
anasthesiologist
a doctor specializes in treatment of disease using high-energy radiation
radio oncologist
internal medicine is a specialty concerned with
diagnosis of disease and treatment with drugs
clinical means
pertaining to patient care
a doctor who specializes in operating on the chest
thoracic surgeon
Which doctor specializes in treating older patients
geriatrician
a disorder that is unexpectedly caused by treatment that is prescribed by a doctor is
iatrogenic
an opening from the kidney to the outside of the body is a
nephrostomy
enlargment of the heart is
cardiomegaly
instrument to viuew the eye
opthalmoscope
discharge of fluid from the nose
rhinorrhea
a medical doctor who specializes in treating bone disorders is a (an)
orthopedist
inflammation of the large intestine
colitis
doctor who specializes in treatment of blood disorders
hematologist