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Unit 7 Cold War
Terms in this set (21)
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
Term used by Churchill in 1946 to describe the growing East-West divide/barrier in postwar Europe between communist and democratic nations
Law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
An increase in population by almost 30 million people after WWII. This spurred a growth in suburbs, schools, and growing pressure on the Social Security system.
Greece and Turkey
The containment policy of the Truman Doctrine was first applied by the US in these two countries, which were given $400 million to resist communist insurgencies
Exposed Soviet espionage in America during the Cold War
1950's US senator who claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate
1947, President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology. Began by giving aid to Greece & Turkey
First artificial Earth satellite, launched by Soviets in 1957. Sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. led to increased funding in scientific research and creation of NASA.
A conflict which began immediately after WWII between the US and the Soviet Union. Each country believed the other was a threat to its security.
Underground concrete structures, often stocked with food and water supplies, designed to withstand fallout from a nuclear attack; popular in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s
The conflict (1950-53) between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United States helped South Korea resist Communist aggression. Ultimately, Korea remained a divided nation along the 38th parallel.
House Un-American Activist Committee (HUAC)
A congressional committee created to search out disloyal Americans and Communists ultimately creating a climate of fear.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact. (1st peace time military alliance)
Border between China & N. Korea. UN forces had pushed the N. Korean army against this border triggering an attack by China.
1948 joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets cut off road and rail traffic into the city
Increase in births, Suburban growth, Interstate Highway System (1956), women returned to house wives, Fear of Communist activities prompted govt. actions
Red Scare (1920's) & McCarthyism (1950's)
Threatened civil liberties of American citizens
Interstate Highway System
1945 international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit 2 - Industrialization/Urbanization
Unit 3 - The U.S. Becomes a World Power
The Roaring Twenties
The Great Depression & New Deal
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