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A holy building in Makkah. a low square building consisting of statues of arabian gods and godesses, and inside was metal that people believed came from the heavens.
largest and richest city in Arabia, place where Mohammed was born and raised. The location of the Kaaba
a group of people who travel from oasis to oasis for protection from thieves and the climate. Used camels
Holy book of Islam, that contains the teachings of Mohammed
A tribe of people who lived in tents, herded camels, and traveled the desert.
founder of the islamic religion, who had visions from an angel.
The city that Muhammed and his followers moved to after they fled Makkah. Yathrib was renamed Medinah to honor Muhammed.
the religious leader of the muslim government
The small faction of muslims who believe that all caliphs should be descended from Ali, mohammeds son-in-law
The largest group of muslims who accepted the Umayad caliphs based in Damascus Syria.
a muslim military ruler, holder of power
a spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs
the area next to the ocean, where it is easy to farm. built walls to keep back flood waters and a dam.
1,000-12,000 ft tall, similar climate to United States with cold winters. used irrigation and terraces for growing food.
dry land with hot days in the summer and very cold nights in the winter, strong winds. nomads with camels