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Terms in this set (34)

Positional- When two or more items are presented to the client for a touching task (e.g., receptive object labels), put the correct item closest to the client and the incorrect one farther away. This can be done with the objects on the table, or by holding them up in the air.

Physical- Physically helping the client to respond correctly (e.g., moving their arms and hands for the instruction "clap").

Verbal- For expressive programs, giving a client a verbal prompt is telling them the correct response just after you have given the Sd. Note: that a client must first have mastered the skill of verbal imitation before you can use this type of prompt.

Model- Demonstrate the correct response for the client

Visual- Using a picture or other visual stimulus to tell the client what to do.

Gestural- The therapist engages in some type of movement which indicates the correct response.

Inflection- An inflection prompt is an emphasis on part of a work or phrase. The emphasis can be given by saying part of the word or phrase louder or slower than the other parts. The emphasis can be given by pausing slightly before saying the word. Some clients respond to the therapist using a sing-song voice for this part of the word or phrase.

Latency- may be useful when a client is omitting a part of a word/phrase or when the client rearranges syllabus/words

Receptive to expressive- Doing a receptive task immediately before an expressive task. Many clients with autism find receptive tasks easier than expressive ones.

Accidental- This exactly what it sounds like- accidentally prompting the client. Since our aim is for independence response, we must be careful not to give subtle clues for the correct responses.
For example: some therapists get into the routine of asking responses in a patterns that the client learns. If the therapist puts the correct item on the right side of the table most of time, this can result in the client showing a side preference by responding to the right side the majority of the time.