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deadly poison was accidentally dumped from a gold mine into Romania's local streams in 2000


ethically diverse former country was held together after World War II by the rule of Communist Party leader Josip Broz Tito


the horrific Nazis crime against humanity that took the lives of approximately 6 million Jews during the war


name of the common European currency introduced into everyday use in 2002

Ottoman Empire

empire expanded into the Balkan Peninsula by defeating the Serbian Empire at the Battle of Kosovo Polje in 1389

South Slavs

collectively the Croat, Slovene, and Serb ethic groups that migrated to the Balkan Peninsula in the 500s from Poland and Russia were referred to as what

ethnic cleansing

the policy the Serbs followed to eliminate their ethnic rivals

Slobodan Milosevic

who was the president of Yugoslavia who was accused of crimes and then voted out of office in 2000

Baltic Republics

the three former Soviet Republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania


Russian term for emperor or king

St. Petersburg

name of the city that Peter the Great moved Russia's capital to


group of Mongol warriors who sacked Kiev between 1237 and 1240


small, plain homes in the countryside that many Russians go for relaxing vacations or weekend getaways


the Georgian feast that is filled with food and tosts continuing throughout the evening

command economy

type of economy where the Central government makes all the important economic decisions

Silk Road

4,000 mile trade route between China and the Mediterranean Sea


From the 1950s through the 1980s, hundreds of Soviet nuclear devices were exploded at "the Polygon" test site in what republic


Russia insists the Caspian Sea, becase of its lack of offshore oil reserves, is what kind of body of water

British Empire

original Great Game in Central Asia during the 1800s was a struggle between the Russian Empire and what other empire over land


people that have no permanent home, but rather mmove in search of food, water, and grazing land according to the seasons


Central Asian nomad's tent

collective farms

In the 1930s, many Soviet laboroers were gathered and moved to large farm where agriculture was reated like an industry. What were these farms called

Josep Stalin

V.I Lennin led the Communist Party following the Russian Revolution. Who is the Soviet leader who took over after Lenin and led the USSR during WWII


name of the region containing Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia


term tha describes the effect of distance from the sea on climate

Ural Mountains

mountains that are sometimes are considered to be the dividing line between Europe and Asia


largest forest on the planet


Danube River flows through what 1,000-year old city in Czech Republic

Berlin Wall

the barrier that divided the East and West parts of a major German city during the Cold War

Black Death

bubonic plague that killed 25 million people in Europe in the mid 1300s


beginning about 795, what seafaring warriors, using their long boats to conduct hit-and-run raids, terrorized Europe


North European country that has the world's largest parliament


term that is used to describe the process of a region breaking up into small, mutually hostile units


crop that fell in the 1840s that led to a devastating Irish famine


invented rugby and cricket sports


holy wars that were fought in Palestine in Middle Ages and fought between Christians and Muslims over Palestine


citizens elect representatives to rule in their name and the United States is this


from what language did the Romance language of Portugese, Spanish, and Italian evolve


structures that carry water lon distances and the Romans built this


political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands

United Kingdom

In 1801, England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland were formed into a nation known as what


peninsula that is hme to Spain and Portugal


partially decayed plant matter is cut from bogs and burned as fuel and is used in Ireland


mountain chain that crosses France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, and Austria


Apennine Mountains divide what peninsla between east and west


major castle-lined river flows 1,771 miles through the heart of Europe, touching 9 countries on its way to the Black Sea


mountains restrains movement from France to Spain to Portugal

Land of the Midnight Sun

area where the days when the sun never rises in North or Scandanavia, North of Arctic Circle

coal and iron ore

2 of the natural resources needed for industrialization


Italian city built on 120 islands in a lagoon, with the Grand Canal flowing between to the largest islands


name of the hot, steady southern wind that blows from North Africe into South Europe


only country in Europe where state and religion are united


how many islands are there in Greece

yo yo

second oldest toy in the world, found in Ancient Greece, 3,000 years ago


a region that straddles the Caucasus Mountains


a republic in Russia that has experienced the violent upheavel


mountainous area in Azerbaijan now controlled by Armenia

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