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20 terms

vocab H unit 2

STUDY
PLAY
aegis
(n). protection; patronage; sponsorship
SYN: auspices
apprise
(v). to inform of; to make aware of by giving oral or written notice
SYN: acquaint, notify
ANT: keep secret, withhold information
bibulous
(adj). fond of or inclined to drink; absorbent
SYN: inebrious, alcoholic
ANT: teetotaling, abstemious, temperate
claque
(n). a group of people hired to applaud a performer or performance; enthusiastic or fawning admirers; an opera hat
SYN: fan club, flatterers, hangers-on
deracinate
(v). to pull up by the roots; to root out, uproot, or dislocate; to eliminate all traces of
SYN: extirpate, eradicate, expunge
ANT: implant, nurture, foster, instill
eleemosynary
(adj). charitable; dependent upon or supported by charity; derived from or provided by charity
SYN: philanthropic, beneficient
ANT: selfish, self-seeking, uncharitable
indigenous
(adj.) originating in the country or region where found, native; inborn; inherent
SYN: endemic, domestic, homegrown
ANT: foreign, alien, exoteric, imported
lachrymose
(adj). given to tears or weeping; causing to shed tears; mournful, lugubrious
SYN: tearful, doleful, dolorous
ANT: dry-eyed, cheerful, merry, hilarious
lexicon
(n). a dictionary of language; the special vocabulary of a person, group, or subject; a compendium
SYN: wordbook, glossary
melee
(n). a confused struggle; a violent free-for-all; a tumultuous mingling
SYN: fracas, brawl, scuffle, donnybrook
ANT: friendly chat, peace and quiet
microcosm
(n). a miniature world/universe; a group or system viewed as the model of a larger group or system
SYN: epitome, world in little
ANT: universe, macrocosm, cosmos, totality
minuscule
(adj). very small, tiny; (n). a lowercase letter
SYN: (adj). infinitesimal, insignificant
ANT: (adj). huge, massive, monumental
obfuscate
(v). to darken or obscure; to confuse or bewilder
SYN: muddy the waters
ANT: clarify, elucidate, explicate
paternalism
(n). The policy or practice of treating or governing people in the manner of a father dealing with his children
SYN: benevolence, solicitude, fatherliness
polarize
(v). to cause to concentrate aroudn two conflicting or contrasting positions; to cause light to vibrate in a pattern
SYN: split, divide, alienate, estrange
ANT: unite, unify, reconcile
purview
(n). the range, extent, or scope of something; in law, the scope or limit of what is provided in a statute
SYN: jurisdiction, orbit
sanguine
(adj.) having a ruddy complexion; of a naturally cheerful, confident, or optimistic outlook
SYN: flushed, rosy
ANT: bloodless, ashen, pessimistic, gloomy
solecism
(n). a substandard or ungrammatical usage; a breach of etiquette; any impropriety or mistake
SYN: misusage, blunder, faux pas
ANT: correct usage
vassal
(n). a person under the protection of a feudal lord to whom he or she owes allegiance; a subordinate or dependent; a servant; subsiervient
SYN: menial, minion, servile
ANT: overlord
versimilitude
(n). the quality of appealing to be true, real, likely, or probable
SYN: realism, lifelikeness, authenticity