5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 4 major goals of science
- a prediction, explanation, understanding, control
- b the aim is to gain the greatest amount of understand from the smallest number of variables
- c scientists assume that events happen for reasons. Things do not "just happen
- d the aim is to understand overall patterns of events. The larger the scope that is explained, the more useful the explanation is.
- e knowing the particular sequence of causal events
5 Multiple choice questions
- scientists must be specific about the methods of measurement used to investigate a given phenomenon
- descriptions of observations must be sufficiently detailed that other scientists will be able to replicate the observations
- it should be possible to specify ahead of time what sort of data, if observed, would make the hypothesis false
- scientists use inductive and deductive logic to achieve their goals. Theories must not contain logical inconsistencies
- consists of more than one statement; they yield hypotheses that are testable by observation.
5 True/False questions
authority → we can't know everything so we turn to authority figures but even they can be wrong
control → over that phenomenon
experience → combines empiricism with logical thought; science works; systematic observation as opposed to casual observation
empirically verifiable → propositions and theories must be testable in the real world
questions that are difficult to answer by scientific study → o Should media do something more than merely distribute whatever content will earn them the greatest profits in the shortest time?
o Should media become involved in identifying and solving social problems?