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Medical Terminology Test 1
Terms in this set (47)
The definition can usually be found starting with the ______.
What is the word root for blood? What is the suffix for blood conditions?
What is the word root for tumor? What is the suffix for tumor/mass/swelling?
What is the word root for cell? What is the suffix for cell?
What is the word root for disease? What is the suffix for disease condition?
What are the 2 word roots for "to cut"?
What are the 2 word roots for kidney?
What is the word root for nerve?
What are the cytoplasm, mitochondria, E.R., nucleus, chromosomes, genes, and DNA?
Cytoplasm: All material outside nucleus, enclosed in cell membrane.
Mitochondria: Small sausage shaped bodies.
ER: Network of canals
Nucleus: Controlling structure
Chromosomes: Rod like structures; 23 pairs except sex cells.
Genes: In chromosomes, determine hereditary characteristics.
DNA: Each gene is composed of DNA.
What is the word root for nucleus? What is a karyotype?
Karyotype: Analyzing chromosomes within the nucleus in terms of size, arrangement, and number.
What is the word root for tissue?
What is the word root for muscle? fat? cartliage?
Fat: Adip/o, lip/o
What does viscer/o mean?
What is the order leading up to organ system?
Tissue --> Organ --> Organ System
What are the word roots for skull, chest, abdomen, hip/pelvis, and spine/backbone?
What are the divisions of the back?
What does anter/o + ventr/o mean? What does poster/o + dors/o mean?
Ventr/o: Belly side of the body.
Poster/o: Back, behind.
Dors/o: Back portion of the body.
What does deep and superficial mean? Inferior and superior? Caudal and cephalic?
Deep: away from the surface
Superficial: on the surface
Inferior: below another structure
Superior: above another structure
Caudal: pertaining to the tail
Cephalic: pertaining to the head
What does distal and proximal mean?
Distal: Away from a point of reference.
Proximal: Near to a point of reference.
What does medial and lateral mean?
Medial: Pertaining to the middle plane of the body.
Lateral: Pertaining to the side.
Describe supine and prone.
Supine: Lying on the back. Face is UP in the sUPine position.
Prone: Lying on the belly. Patient is ON their face in the prONe position.
Describe the 3 planes of the body.
Frontal (coronal): Vertical; Anterior/posterior
Sagittal: Vertical; Right/left
Transverse: Horizontal; Superior/inferior
Describe the following combining forms: angi/o, arteri/o, blephar/o, and ophthalm/o.
Angi/o: Vessel, usually a blood vessel.
Describe the following combining forms: col/o, enter/o, encephal/o, lapar/o, abdomin/o.
Enter/: Small intestine
Lapar/o: Abdomen, abdominal wall.
Describe the following combining forms: mamm/o, mast/o, phleb/o, ven/o, pneumon/o, pulmon/o, staphyl/o, strept/o.
Strept/o: Twisted chains.
What does -centesis and -plasty mean?
-centesis: Surgical puncture to remove fluid.
-plasty: Surgical repair.
What does -ectomy, -tomy, and -stomy mean?
-ectomy: Excision, removal, resection.
-tomy: Incision, to cut into.
-stomy: Creation of an artificial opening.
What does -scopy and -scope mean?
-scopy: Process of visual examination.
-scope: Instrument used for visual examination.
What does -algia and -dynia mean?
What does -gram, -graph, and -graphy mean?
-graph: Instrument for recording
-graphy: Process of recording
What does -malacia and -megaly mean?
What does the suffixes -pnea, -penia, -cele, -ptosis, and -lapse mean?
-ptosis: Drooping, sagging, prolapse.
-lapse: To slide, fall, sag.
What does carp/o, cib/o, cost/o, cutane-derm-dermat/o, dactyl/o, gloss/o and nat/i mean?
Carp/o: Carpal bones
What do the suffixes -cyesis, -partum, -plasia/plasm, and -rrhea mean?
-partum: Birth, labor
-plasia/plasm: Development, formation.
-rrhea: Flow or discharge.
What do the prefixes A-/an-, ante-, and anti- mean?
A/an-: No, not, without.
Ante-: Before, forward.
What do the prefixes bi-, contra-, brady-, and tachy- mean?
Bi-: two (bi/o: life)
Contra-: against, opposite.
What do the prefixes dys-, mal-, eu-, and para- mean?
Dys-: Bad, painful, difficult, abnormal.
Para-: Near, beside, abnormal.
What do the prefixes supra-, infra-, and inter- mean?
Supra-: Above, upper.
What do the prefixes intra-, dia-, and pro- mean?
Intra-: Into, within.
Dia-: Through, complete.
Pro-: Before, forward.
What do the prefixes pre-, per-, and peri- mean?
Pre-: Before, in front of.
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