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14 terms

Overview of respiratory system

Just basic parts
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Nasal Cavity
the cavity behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth that filters air and moves mucous and inhaled contaminants outward and away form the lungs.
Pharynx
the passage to the stomach and lungs
larynx
voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords
primary bronchi
the two branches of the trachea that serve each lung
trachea
membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi
bronchial tree
branched airways that lead from the trachea to the alveoli
Right Lung
has 3 lobes: superior, middle, and inferior
left lung
has 2 lobes: superior and inferior
Diaphragm
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
Respiratory Mucosa
mucus-covered membrane that lines tubes of the respiratory tree
Pseudostratified columnar Epithelium
single layer of cells of differing heights, nuclei look like at different levels. Secretion of mucus and propulsion of mucus by ciliary action
Lamina Propria
underlying layer of areolar tissue that supports the respiratory epithelium.
Blood Vessel
a vessel in which blood circulates
Gland
an organ of the body that secretes one or more hormones