chapter 6 milady cosmetology
Terms in this set (51)
controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels.
breaks down foods into nutrients and wastes
affects the growth, development, sexual functions, and health of the entire body; consists of specialized glands.
purifies the body by eliminating waste matter; consists of kidneys, liver, skin, large intestines, and lungs.
serves as a protective covering and helps regulate the bodys temperature; consists of skin and its accessory organs such as oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors hair and nails.
protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying disease causing toxins and bacteria.
covers, shapes, and holds the skeletal system in place; the muscular system contracts and moves various parts of the body.
controls and coordinates all other systems of the body and makes them work harmoniously and efficiently composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
produces offspring and passes on the genetic code from one generation to another
enables breathing, supplying the body with oxygen and eliminating carbon dioxide as a waste product; consist of the lungs and air passages.
forms the physical foundation of the body; composed of 206 bones that vary in size, shape, and are connected by movable and immovable joints.
the basic unit of all living things.
a colorless jelly-like substance found inside cells in which food elements such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts, and water are present.
is the dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell, plays an important part in cell reproduction and metabolism.
is the protoplasm of a cell, except for the protoplasm in the nucleus, that surrounds the nucleus; it is the watery fluid that cells need for growth, reproduction, and self repair.
is the cell part that encloses the protoplasm and permits soluble substances to enter and leave the cell.
is the usual process of cell reproduction of human tissues that occurs when the cell divides into two identical cells called daughter cells.
move to each side during the mitosis process to help divide the cell.
is a collection of similar cells that perform a particular function.
fiberous tissue that binds together, protects, and supports various parts of the body; bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, blood, lymph's, and adipose tissue (fat tissue).
is a protective covering on the bodys surface; skin, mucous membranes, the tissue inside the mouth, the lining of the heart.
contracts and moves various parts of the body
carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions; nerves, brain and spinal cord.
a chemical process that takes place in living organisms, through which cells are nourished and carry out activities.
is constructive metabolism the process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones; stores water, food and oxygen.
involves the breaking down of complex compounds within the cells into smaller ones; releases stored energy.
controls the body
controls the bodys vision
circulates the blood
excretes water and waste products
supply oxygen to the blood
removes waste created by digestion
covers the body and is the external protective coating
digests food along with the intestines
digest food along with the stomach
is the study of the human body structure that can be seen with the naked eye
is the study of the functions and activities performed by the bodys structure.
also known as microscope anatomy; is the study of tiny structures found in living tissues.
squamous epithelial cells
flat shaped cells; they line the heart, blood and lymphatic vessels, body cavities and alveoli (air sacs) of the lungs.
cuboidal epithelial cells
these are cubed shaped cells that line the kidney tubules, and which cover the ovaries and secretory parts of certain glands.
columnar epithelial cells
elongated with the nucleus generally near the bottom and often ciliated on the outer surface; they line the ducts, digestive tract,especially the intestinal and stomach lining, parts of the respiratory tract and glands.
a physical, passive (requiring no energy in order to function) process whereby molecules of gases, liquids, or solid particles disperse themselves evenly through a medium.
is the diffusion of water or any other solvent molecule through a selective permeable membrane, such as a cell membrane.
is the movement of solutes and water across a semipermeable membrane that results from some mechanical force such as blood pressure or gravity.
the molecules move across the cell membrane via a carrier molecule which picks up a molecule on the outside of the cell membrane and then carries it back within the cell membrane.
the process of the ingestion of foreign or other particles by certain cells.
similar process to phagocytosis, however the engulfed molecules are in a solution and whey they are destroyed, the cell ingests the nutrient for its own use.
stores lipid (fat); acts as filler tissue; cushions, supports and insulates the body.
surrounds various organs, supports both nerve cells and blood vessels which transport nutrient materials (to cells) and wastes (away from cells).also stores glucose, salts and water
forms ligaments, tendons, and aponeuroses.
transports nutrients and oxygen molecules to cells and metabolic wastes away from cells.