Chapter 15 Quiz
Terms in this set (41)
The Allies adopted a "Europe First" strategy because
only Germany was considered a serious long-term threat.
Which of the following describes the Battle of Midway?
Admiral Yamamoto wanted to force U.S. defenses back to the California coast.
Wartime migration caused the worst incident of racial violence in
Japanese Americans generally faced more restrictions than Italian or German Americans during World War II because they
were more isolated from other Americans.
Why did Stalin want Britain and the United States to open a second front in France?
He wanted Germany to divide its troops between two fronts.
President Truman's chief priority in using the atomic bomb against Japan was to
save American lives.
Which group did Nazi ideology consider superior to other people?
At the 1942 Wannsee Conference, Reinhard Heydrich
outlined a plan to exterminate about 11,000,000 Jews.
What does this quotation from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaim?
People should try to ensure freedom and happiness for all humans.
What is one result of World War II?
Colonial peoples renewed their drive for independence from European powers.
Following the battle of Stalingrad,
Hitler's plans of dominating Europe had ended.
What did American leaders learn at Kasserine Pass in North Africa?
They needed aggressive officers and troops better trained for desert fighting.
Allied bombing of Germany in 1942 changed the war because it
helped pave the way for a later all-out offensive.
Which of the following was a result of the Battle of Midway?
Japan never again threatened Pacific domination.
How did wartime pressures create a break from the past?
Many women took jobs that fell outside the traditional realm of women's work.
During World War II, many African Americans
joined organizations dedicated to fighting segregation.
How did population shifts change American life during the war?
The Southwest became a growing cultural, social, economic, and political force.
Executive Order 9066 affected civil liberties in the United States because it
designated war zones from which anyone could be removed.
FDR created the Office of Price Administration (OPA), which
had the authority to control wages and set maximum prices.
Which of the following took place at the Tehran Conference?
Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to attack Germany on the Western Front.
What was one effect of the D-Day invasion?
The Allies took an important step toward reaching Berlin.
One of the effects of the Battle of the Bulge was that
Germany used its reserves and demoralized its troops in the battle.
As American forces approached Japan, Japanese forces
fought to the end, preferring to kill themselves rather than surrender.
Who made the decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan?
Harry S. Truman
Hitler's economic persecution of Jews in Germany involved
barring Jews from working in civil service.
Many Jews were prevented from leaving Germany because
some countries refused to accept them during the Great Depression.
What was Hitler's "final solution"?
a plan to exterminate all Jews living in Third Reich-controlled regions
The largest Nazi death camp was located at
Which of the following limited the U.S. response to the Holocaust?
he focus of U.S. resources on defeating Hitler
During the 1945 conference in Potsdam
the Big Three formalized the plan to divide Germany into four zones of occupation.
How did Japan change politically after World War II?
A new constitution enacted democratic reforms.
Which two nations emerged as the strongest following World War II?
the Soviet Union and the United Statesthe Soviet Union and the United States
The United Nations (U.N.) was organized to
encourage cooperation between the Great Powers.
In the years closely following World War II, many African Americans
renewed their efforts to work for civil rights.
What campaign in the European theater was fought on a continent other than Europe?
North African campaign
Which battle on the Russian Front ended Hitler's plans for dominating Europe?
What was an effect that World War II had on American women?
The war accelerated a trend toward white-collar employment for women.
What development did Cutler call "unbelievable"?
the arrival of Allied transport and glider planes
What effect did the D-Day invasion have on World War II?
Forced the Germans to fight the war on two fronts.
What was the Westerbork to which Frank referred?
a concentration camp
What, in theory, was the purpose of concentration camps?
to convert Jews into members of the Third Reich