12 terms

Journal 38 - English Reformation

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Henry VIII
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
The Church of England
Also known as the Anglican Church, this Church was founded in 1534 by King Henry VIII. The King sought to divorce his first wife Catherine of Aragon. However, Pope Clement VII refused to dissolve the marriage. Enraged, the king (who had named himself "Defender of the Faith") broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and created this Church.
Catherine of Aragon
Aragon
1st wife of Henry VIII. Mother of Mary I. Henry's desire for a divorce from her precipitated England's break with Rome.
Anne Boleyn
Boleyn
Henry VIII mistress during the time of the English Reformation, she gave birth to Elizabeth, future queen of England. One of the reasons Henry VIII wanted to get his marriage to Catherine annulled is so that he could marry her.
Queen Mary
Killed all Protestants who would not convert to the Catholic Church.
Council of Trent
Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.
Counter Reformation
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected)
Jesuits
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.
Ignatius Loyola
(1491-1556) Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits (1534); this order of Roman Catholic priests proved an effective force for reviving Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.
Queen Elizabeth
Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, returned England to Protestantism.
Act of Supremacy
Declared the king (Henry VIII) the supreme head of the Church of England in 1534.
English Reformation
result of the disagreement between Henry VIII and the Pope, created the Church of England or Anglican Church which was separate from the Catholic Church, still left little room for religious freedom