process by which we recall past experiences and info, skills, general knowledge learned in the past
memory of a specific event
episodic memories that are recalled in great detail
your general knowledge
a memory of specific info that might be autobiographical or general knowledge
include practiced skills or learned habits
the translation of info into a form that can be used
creating a mental picture
2nd process of memory, maintenance of recorded info over a period of time
rote repition in order to keep from forgetting
does not connect memorized info to past learning
one drawback of maintenance rehearsal
stuff learned in school
encoding, storage and retrieval
computers and people both handle info using processes of
relating info to what you already know "deep processing"
consists of locating stored info and returning it to conscious thought
memories that come back to you in certain places
memories that are retrieved because the mood in which they were originally encoded is recreated
first stage of information storage, consists of immediate initial recording of data that enter through our senses
holds visual memories
the rare ability to remember visual stimuli over long periods of time
briefly holds mental traces of sounds
short term memory
holds information briefly before you store it in long-term memory- working memory
recalll the 1st in a series, works for several seconds
the tendency to recall the last items in a series
the organization of items into familiar or manageable units
occurs when new info appears in short term memory and takes the place of what was already there
transfers to long term memory/ wash/dryer speech
the average person in short term memory can hold a list of ____. Ebbinghaus
an eyewitness memory of a crime can be distorted by_
interference or decay
most people forget because of ___
easiest basic memory task
recognition, recall, relearning
basic memory tasks
about an hour we forget half
Herman Ebbinghaus studied that we try to reconstruct 7 nonsense syllables, we start forgetting....
painful, disturbing memories
according to Sigmuend Frued repression is due to...
we forget things on purpose because they are disturbing
forget the period leading up to a traumatic event
person loses the ability to store new memories
forgetting of events leading up to age of 3
3 reasons why infants don't remember
hippocampus is not fully developed, they only care about now, language has not developed
we inquire deeper thought about the new info
combine chunks of format into a catchy or recognizable format
all of the above
a person trying to learn foreign language can use...
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