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Developmental Psych final
Terms in this set (44)
You use your episodic memory for all of the following EXCEPT:
remembering facts about child development
June's diary is best thought of as a collection of her ________ memories.
Four-year-old Vincent is beginning to talk about important events in his past. You know this is an important step in his development of:
A child is more likely to incorporate a false suggestion into a false memory if the suggestion includes an adult providing:
some details that are consistent with what the child knows
When considering a child's testimony in a courtroom, suggestibility is a concern. Five-year-old Nina is set to testify, but attorneys in the case have consulted with a psychologist and are concerned about Nina:
being overly compliant or having formed false memories
What were the results of studies in 3- to 6-year-old children about events that might have happened to them?
False memories of events are relatively easy to put into young children's minds
Karen was presented with Kohlberg's dilemma about a man named Heinz, who has to decide whether to steal a drug to save his wife's life. Karen says that it is not appropriate to steal the drug because Heinz will be punished. Which level of moral development best describes Karen?
Mark was presented with Kohlberg's dilemma about a man named Heinz who had to decide whether to steal a drug to save his wife's life. Mark says it is acceptable for Heinz to steal the drug because he would not be able to live with himself if he let his wife die. What level of moral development best describes Mark?
Empathy is the ability to:
understand and share the feelings of others
According to the study we discussed in class, 1-day-old newborns:
are distressed by another infant cry
Fairness is the quality of judgments that are free from:
According to the study we discussed in class, 6-month-olds:
prefer characters who show prosocial behaviors
Stacy, a young infant, is exploring a new environment. She gets scared and crawls back to her mother. The term ethological theorists would use to refer to what the mother is providing in this situation is a(n):
Which of the following statements is true?
Bonds between infant and caregivers can be inferred through certain sets of behaviors.
Which theorist's approach underlies most current theories of attachment?
________ refers to a mental representation of the self and others and how they might interact in different circumstances.
Internal working models
The majority of infants are classified as:
type B infants
Regarding the Strange Situation paradigm, which of the following statements is FALSE?
This measure is most appropriate for kids between 4 and 5 years old.
Researchers typically distinguish four common components of language. These include all the following EXCEPT:
Dr. Sparks is interested in sound patterns of a language and the rules for combining sounds into words. Dr. Sparks is focused on:
Rachel, a preschooler, told her mother that she "runned" at school instead of saying that she "ran". This illustrates:
Darius is a toddler who knows 200 words. These words he knows are referred to as his:
Dr. Ha is interested in discovering whether children understand the difference between the following sentences: "Roy gave Lisa a cookie" and "Lisa gave Roy a cookie." Dr. Ha's research question focuses on:
Grace is in the car with her mother. They drive by a cow in a pasture, and Grace says "horse." This is an example of:
Ages of new emotions in babies
joy, surprise, and distress at
3 months, as well as anger at 4 months, and then fear at
around 6 months.
What are some self-
conscious emotions that require some degree of self-awareness.
shame, guilt, embarrassment,
pride, jealousy, envy, and empathy,
What Will a full account of the development of emotions likely
an integration of changes in cognitive development
and how those changes influence the appraisals of situations
and thereby create more nuanced emotional states.
How do studies on infant imitation reveal
differences in how infants see social and
nonsocial agents and their actions?
What is a Technique for studying infant Cognition
Based on dis & habituation procedures
•Increases infants looking time at Stimulus interperated as evidence
That outcome he/she expected has not occuree
What are some effects of social deprevation
•Reduce exploration, locomotion, mator action
W/terror, anger, ¿fearto any person.
stayed baby sometimes
•Rock back & forth, biting self, other rocking
stares/unaware of environment
-37% of deprevation babies died as
opposed to 0% of other group by
Tendency of caregiver to View Child as individual rather than an entity that
must be satisfied
What is the child's effect on attention
•Still no consensus on how much children's temperament Influence attachment
•Baby's behavior. influences parents behavior
(eg colicky, irritable, happy)
are bables equipped wha moral sense?
•moral universals (not enough)
•Early emergence in developments
based on timing, has been insufficient experience for nurture
to construct details
Learning language (B)
Young children can distinguish their language from others
Learning taste and smell (C)
mothers who drank carrot juice while their baby was in utero C
Gave birth to babies who liked carrot flavored cereal
Exposure to English
+40% of children performed within normal range of monolinguals for
grammatical morpheme production
• 65%. for receptive vocab
+ 90% for story grammar
Sometimes Ist lang is not lost, but 2nd lang becomes dim lang - used more
frequently and in which childis more proficient
Syntax vs. Semantics
grammar vs. meaning
Rapid syntactic dev
18 mos; mosi doggie
20 mos: more back
22 mos :Mamma read me book
•24 mos: no do that again
• 26 mos: my other friend named El
A. No explicit training
•my want it
C. Synatic Boot strapping :
Bunny is gorping the
- Children leam synatic Struct rapidly Without explicit training and by generalizing from language they hear
Strength of attachment
•Strong/secure attachment gives infants trust in caregiver
*If Child is anxious caregiver won't be there might show- v. strong attachment behaviors
° intense att. behaviors : not same as strong attachment
What are the nine dimensions of temper
-Nine dimensions of temp)
•Easy baby. 40
*difficult baby 10
*slow to warm 15
*avg baby 35
Some factors of children as eyewitness
• Social factors
+ Ind difference.
What is simultaneous bilingualism
Occurs when children hear and learn two different languages from infancy
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