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88 terms

2130 Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
A research report for the NEA indicates that the most frequently cited reason teachers choose their profession is_____.
The desire to work with children and young adults
Educational research supports the fact that those who become teachers are more influenced by thier teachers as ____.
People
With the exception of parents or guardians, the adults who have the greatest influence on children are often their ____.
Teachers
Research tells us that teachers may make up to ___ low-level decisions in a school day.
3,000
According to the National Education Association (2007), teachers' salaries have ____ since the 1990s to the present.
increased steadily
Ms. Duckworth, the adaptive physical education specialist, runs two miles every afternoon after school. Jason, a young boy with mild cerebral palsy, has been watching Ms. Duckworth for the past several weeks as she works out on the track. This afternoon Jason jogged two laps with Ms. Duckworth. This is an illustration of ____.
A teacher's power to influence others by example
The National Education Association (2007) reported that the average teacher salary was approximately _____.
$50,000
All of the following statements about teachers' salaries are true except that ____.
Teacher salaries vary little by states or regions
All of the following are practical benefits of teaching except _____.
frequent promotions to administrative positions
_____ recruits graduates from some of the best colleges and universities in the United States to teach a minimum of two years in urban and rural school districts with severe shortages of science, math, and language arts teachers.
Teach for America
"A lamp can never light another lamp unless it continues to burn its own flame" illustrates ____.
the importance of teachers modeling lifelong learning
____ of the nation's nearly 4 million public teachers "moonlight" or hold a second job to increase their earnings.
One-fourth
____ refers to job security granted to teachers after satisfactory performance for a specified period of time.
Tenure
On average, teachers work ____.
approximately 50 hours per week
In four surveys taken between 1984 to 1999, ____ remained the biggest problem identified by teachers.
parents' lack of support and interest
Job dissatifaction, emotional and physical exhaustion, and an inability to cope effectively are symptoms of ____.
Teacher burnout
Teen pregnancy, homelessness, danger, troubled families, child abuse, and suicide are examples of ____.
social problems that affect the lives and learning of children and youth everywhere.
____ is one of the teacher's most time consuming non-teaching tasks.
Keeping paperwork including detailed records of students' academic progress, attendance, and other required documentation
Each state has mandated ____ to assess students' mastery of academic standards.
High-stakes quantitative tests
In 2002, President George W. Bush signed into legislation the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act which mandated _____.
federal testing in reading, math, and science in grades K-8
NCLB requires that by the end of the 2013-14 academic school year that public schools guarantee that ____.
all students are prepared to pass state proficiency tests
Today's tech-savvy students spend an average of ____ hours each day using some type of media
6
The prevailing view within our society is that teachers are _____.
accountable only to the standards and ethics of the profession
Society agrees that teachers are primarily responsible for promoting students' learning, yet it is not always in agreement about ____.
what students should learn
Approximately ____ percent of the population of public school teachers in the United States are members of minority groups.
10%
The ____ teacher has a bachelor's degree, full state certification, and subject matter knowledge
highly-qualified
Public elementary and secondary school enrollments are projecte to rise in the ____ regions of the United States.
western and southern
Recently, there has been a steady demand for those able to teach in the following subject areas except for ____.
mathematics and science
The Praxis Series: Professional Assessments for Beginning Teahcers includes assessments of all the following except ____.
leadership skills
In order for a person to receive a teaching certificate, all states require successful completion of ____.
An approved teacher education program with at least a bachelor's degree
Teaching is the largest profession in the United States with Pre-K, elementary school, middle school, and secondary school teachers (not including special education teachers) totaling about ____.
4 million
Today's classrooms have teachers who are ___ and students who are ____.
predominantly white and female; culturally diverse
Compared to 1971, teachers are/have ____.
better educated
The majority of middle school teachers ____.
specialize in a specific subject and teach it several times a day
Most high school teachers ____.
teach four five courses within a single content area
_____ schools are independent public schools, often founded by teachers that are given permission to operate by a school district, state, or national governments; they are accountable for meeting predetermined outcomes.
Charter
_____ schools are designed to meet the needs of students at risk of failure and dropping out.
Alternative
A(n) ____ school offers a curriculum that focuses on a specific area such as the performing arts, mathematics, science, international studies, or technology; they often draw students from larger attendance area than regular schools and promote voluntary desegregation.
Magnet
____ teachers work with children and youth who have a variety of disabilities including learning disabilities, autism, and brain injuries.
Special education
Most English language learners (ELLs) live in ___, and ____.
Califorina; Texas
One major cause of teacher isolation is ____.
teaching children all day without adult interactions
The technology component of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), Title II, Part D, calls on teachers to use technology to ____.
close the achievement gap
Compared to other professions, the professional component of the teacher education program in many states is ___.
short
In the 1970s, the report, A Nation at Risk, linked the strength of our country to ___.
the quality of its schools
Because the majority of decision-making power is reserved for boards of education, teachers have had little or no say over what they teach, and, in extreme instances, how they teach. This is an example of ___.
lack of partcipation in professional governance
____ is the most prestigious credential a teacher can earn.
National Board Certification
In regard to the level of trust that the public currently extends to teachers, it is most accurate to say that it is ____.
uniformly high
The membership of the National Education Association is open to all of the following groups except ____.
school board members
Currently, ___ of states have passed some type of collective bargaining laws that apply to teachers; however, there is little uniformity among these laws.
two-thirds
Without a doubt, your relationships with ___ will be the most important and complex you will have as a teacher.
students
Recruiting volunteers, providing financial support for special projects, and operating homework hotline programs are examples of ___.
community support
Working together, sharing decision making, and solving problems is called ____.
collaboration
According to the text, the heart of collaboration is ____.
meaningful, authentic relationships among professionals
____ is an arrangment, whereby teachers grow professionally by observing one another's teaching and providing constructive feedback.
Peer coaching
In ___ arrangments, teachers share the responsibility for two or more classes, dividing the subject areas between them.
team teaching
In ____ arrangements, two or more teachers teach together in the same classroom.
co-teaching
Based on interview data, all of the following statements are true about the impact of parental involvement on students except ___.
significant parental involvement results in slightly less participation in extracurricular activities
The AFT has been critical of the NEA for ____.
allowing administrators to join the organization
Emergency certification is ____ by professional teacher organizations and several departments of education.
strongly resisted
When schools face budget cutbacks or increased pressure to prepare students for high-stake tests, often ____ teaching postions are eliminated.
art and music
While there is widespread debate about what academic content the schools should teach, ___.
the public supports the teaching of prosocial values
Schools are places where the young learn to participate intelligently and constructively in American society emphasizing education for ___.
socialization
In regard to equal educational opportunity, evidence exists to demonstrate ____.
that certain groups are denied equality
Students enter the school as raw material, move through the curriculum in a systematic way, and exit the school as a finished product. This metaphor describing schools as ___.
factories
Groups that see the school as a means of perpetuating their preferred way of life include all of the following except ____.
public schools
Schools that are often the focal point for community life and reflect values and beliefs that tend to be fairly conservative are typically ____.
rural schools
All of the following are influences on the culture of school except ____.
tax-based programs
In a classroom, the physical characteristics of the setting and the social dimensions of group interact to shape ____.
the classroom culture
Measures of success for schools include all of the following except ____.
fewer numbers of children enrolled in special education
According to the National Center for Education Statistics (2002), all of the following are characteristics of students at risk for dropping out of school except ____.
performance at or above grade level
According to the U.S. Census Bureau (2005), the ethnic group consistently with the lowest high school completion rate is ____.
Hispanic
Teachers can rely on identifying at-risk fators as good indicators of ____ in their students.
potential academic problems
The incidence of child abuse, poor health, underachievement in school, and attedance problems is higher among children who ___.
are homeless
About ____ percent of all homeless children do not attend school regularly.
50
The National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect reported that state Child Protective Service agencies investigated ____ allegations of child maltreatment in 2002?
3 million
Stress within the family can have significant negative effect on students and their ability to focus on learning while at school. All of the following are associated with stress except ___.
vocational choices
Between ____ is the most likely time for youth to engage in risk-taking or delinquent behaviors or to be victims of a crime.
3p.m.-8p.m.
University of Michigan Institute for Social Research (2006) found that approximately ___ percent of high school seniors reported using alcohol and ____ percent had used marijuana.
60;30
According to the Indicators of School Crime and Safety (2007), approximately ____ percent of public schools experienced violent incidents
85
All of the following are strategies for reducing the impact of gang activities on schools except ____.
retaining graffiti on school property as a symbol of gang destructiveness
According to the Indicators of School Crime and Safety (2007), approximately ____ percent of students ages 12 to 18 in public schools reported that they were in gangs in their schools.
25
A 2006 online survey states that approximately ____ percent of Internet-using adolescents revealed that they had experienced cyber bullying.
30
Each year one in nine U.S. women between the ages of 15 and 19 become pregnant. Approximately ____ percent of these pregnancies is unintentional?
75
The offspring of pregnant teenagers are most at-risk for all of the following except
financial stability and behavorial outcomes
All of the following statements are true concerning teen pregnancy except ____.
most teen mothers return to high school within two years of having their child.
Since 1990 the teenage pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates have ____.
declined
All of the following are true of female and male involvement in suicide except ____.
students in grade 12 are the most likely to attempt suicide
The National Institute of Mental Health reported in 1999 that the third leading cause of death among youths ages 15 to 24 is ____.
suicide