3 Written questions
3 Multiple choice questions
- The Prince (1513) was the first work of modern political thought; a resume in which he tried to convince the Medici to partake in his services of diplomat/official in the chancellery. Horrified by the domination of Italian peninsula, believed that a strong ruler could expel foreigners.
- A program of study including rhetoric and literature based on the classical world (500 BC-500 AD)
- Age of Rebirth, golden age of art, literature, intellectuals. referred back to greek, roman ages, skipped "backwards" Middle Ages. Individualism grew, people began taking credit for their own works rather than crediting God
3 True/False questions
Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) → Father of Humanism, decided to study literary classics. Coined "Dark Ages", learned classical Latin in order to read original works. Discovered Cicero's letters, created whole new writing style to mimic Cicero's
Johannes Gutenberg → Invented Printing Press, movable type (1452). Allowed him to print 200 bibles in a year (as ornate as any hand-written one). Led to significant increase in literacy, allowed for Reformation to spread so rapidly
Donation of Constantine → Lorenzo Valla used critical textual analysis to discover that it was not in fact written by Constantine himself. Words were used that did not appear for 400 years after his death.