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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. Students that used Cicero's involvement in political causes for public classical education. Served in Florence as diplomats/worked in the chancellery office (official documentation). Took Petrarch one step further, studied Greek
  2. A program of study including rhetoric and literature based on the classical world (500 BC-500 AD)
  3. Father of Humanism, decided to study literary classics. Coined "Dark Ages", learned classical Latin in order to read original works. Discovered Cicero's letters, created whole new writing style to mimic Cicero's

3 True/False questions

  1. Johannes GutenbergInvented Printing Press, movable type (1452). Allowed him to print 200 bibles in a year (as ornate as any hand-written one). Led to significant increase in literacy, allowed for Reformation to spread so rapidly


  2. Erasmus (1466-1536)Very important northern humanist, wrote Utopia (nowhere). Depicted civilization having political and economic injustices limited by having all property held in common. Highly critical of certain practices of the church, but gave his life for his beliefs. Executed by Henry VIII for refusing to take the oath regarding Henry as Head of Church of England


  3. Donation of ConstantineLorenzo Valla used critical textual analysis to discover that it was not in fact written by Constantine himself. Words were used that did not appear for 400 years after his death.