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5.3-5.9 worksheet (to be quiz)

diffusion across a membrane

passive transport

moves solute against concentration gradient

active transport

any spread of particles from area of higher concentration to are of low concentration


diffusion with the help of transport protein

facilitated diffusion

three types of endocytosis

pinocytosis, receptor-mediated endocytosis, phagocytosis

engulfing of fluid in membrane vesicles


diffusion of water across selectively permeable membrane


involves transport molecules that need ATP to function

active transport

enables cell to engulf bulk quantities of specific large molecules

receptor-mediated endocytosis

how oxygen and carbon dioxide enter and leave cells

passive transport

causes plant cell to become turgid


engulfing of particle or object in membrane vesicle


fusion of membrane-bound vesicle with membrane and dumping of contents outside cell


how a cell might capture bacterium


causes cream to mix with coffee


occurs from a hypotonic to a hypertonic solution


two types of passive transport

osmosis, facilitated diffusion

occurs when Golgi apparatus exports proteins


how a cell maintains a higher K+ concentration and lower Na+ concentration than its surroundings

active transport

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