Upgrade to remove ads
American History 2: Unit 2 Test
Terms in this set (46)
How did immigration and industrialization shape urban life?
It advanced and made the US grow up in a way it began a new age of modernization.
How did the rapid industrialization have a positive or negative impact on the economic and social structure?
Many immigrants were brought over and it diversified the united states although due to nativism most were mistreated.
What characteristics were vital to the success of industrial leaders of the Gilded age?
The support of your fellow people.
What social, economic, and political factors led to the need for formation of labor unions?
Social- People came together more and more as they realized they were being treated unfairly.
Economic- Workers weren't making enough money by far.
Political- Government didn't have regulation on the factories couldn't make them pay more.
To what extent were labor unions in improving the lives of American workers?
They medially improved the conditions, labor unions are still around today they aid in the fair treatment of workers.
How effective were labor unions in meeting the political, economical, and social needs of laborers?
not very effective but affective enough people eventually gave up on them,
How did the government's role in economic and political affairs change during this era?
Political machines grew, government corruption although resulted in loss of business because political machines could no longer bribe their friends with a position in office for a vote.
To what extent did industrialization affect the relationships between government, business and the worker?
It angered business and workers they government began to get angry because it started to turn into a dangerous situation.
Write the definition for the terms below.
Laissez-Faire provoked industrialization because it exemplified a hands off government, business owners were allowed to do basically anything they wanted which allowed cheap labor and long work days.
businesses fail, and new ones come in.
The idea that anyone can survive and make something of themselves in America.
Many companies all put together under one.
Owning everything in a certain industry including products, all companies everything ties back to you.
Captains of Industry
People who controlled all of the industry but used their money for positive affects in the town.
People who used cruel, low down ways to get rich.
Attempted to give their money to charity as a way to keep the government off their back.
Buying out all competitors
All companies turn stock over to a group of trustees who ran the separate companies as one large company.
Sherman Antitrust Act
Any attempt to interfere with free trade among the state or internationally by forming a trust is illegal.
Act put in place to stop trade.
Vertical vs. Horizontal Integration
Vertical- Buying all product needed for the process.
Horizontal- Buying out competitors
Survival of the Fittest
Describe the significance of the terms below:
Scabs were employees who were called in to replace employees who were fighting against big businesses the strikes gave employees a voice and unified them.
Individual people should not control the wealth of the company, everyone should control the money and spread it equally.
American Federation of Labor
Labor for skilled workers.Included skilled workers, focused on specific workers issues...SKILLED WORKERS
Welders, construction, steel workers..etc
Knights of Labor
Could be any worker, they wanted better living conditions at work and home.
The European immigrants came from their country to Ellis island, took about 5 hours to get processed
Chinese immigrants traveled from the west and arrived on Angel Island, they were increasingly mistreated unlike the immigrants from Ellis island, they often had to wait longer for processing and were beaten.
The Gilded Age
Gilded means to cover something with poor quality with gold
Something appears as what it is not
Many authors were about society, politics, and issues
created the gilded age
1. President Grant's Administration
2. Voter Fraud: Use fake names and vote multiple times
3. Patronage: Favors in return for support
4. Graft: Bribes
5. Kick-Backs: Money in exchange for a business
Houses in which immigrants lived set up like town houses but they ran for almost a block.
How the Other Half Lives- Jacob Riis
book in which studied the tenements
Hull House- Jane Adams
nations first house full of entertainment spaces such as gym, nursery, play ground etc.
What happened with Andrew tweed and what was his job?
Stole money and was sent to jail
worked at Tammany Hall
what did Bessemer invent?
who invented Light bulb?
alexander graham bell
first safe elevator ?
what was the Pendleton act?
act to get more qualified people back into office
government began to lack funds and had to look to big businesses
who was the steel tycoon?
what is an opilogy?
control over most of the market almost a monopoly but you have another small business competing against you.
what did Rockefeller own?
an oil company
what was haymarket square?
riot which ended in many deaths because someone threw a bomb
Carnegie hired guys to keep workers under control guys ended up killing 6 workers and plant closed down
Pullman strike 1893
cut wages without cost of living people stopped believing unions would help and businesses used the courts to limit the unions power
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
American History Unit 3 Test
American History 2 Unit 2
Native Americans and the West - Populism
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 8 Industrialization
Am. History CH4
APUSH the gilded age, industry and labor unions (c…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Wake Tech Final
Early Childhood Education Study Guide
Earth Science Final Exam Review
American History Final Exam Review
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
5 Steps Ch. 23
Exam 1 P2
Public health final