29 terms

Marriage and Family Therapy

Theory of Dysfunction
Bowen Theory
individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, as the family is an emotional unit. Families are systems of interconnected and interdependent individuals, none of whom can be understood in isolation from the system.
Goal of Bowen Family Therapy
is to is to increase the capacity of one or more members of the family to adapt to and deal with the vicissitudes of life
Experiential family therapy focus on
the relationships between people and their emotions.
Experiential therapists believe
that stifling emotions signal a tension between autonomy and connection.
Bowenian therapy looks
into the past for insight,
Structural therapy looks
into the current interactions between clients sitting in the room
Experiential therapy focuses
on the intrapersonal relationship between the individual and their emotions.
The overall therapeutic goals for a Bowenian therapist would be
to increase the levels of differentiation for all family members.
At the end of successful Structural therapy
clients will have ormal boundaries with each other.
Successful Structural therapy holds that
the parent subsystem will hold the most power in the family hierarchy.
The goal of an Experiential family therapist
would be to increase the range of emotional expression in the family
Structural and Experiential therapy focus
on the symptom resolution and systemic change,
Bowenian therapy focuses
the most on pure system change.
Structural family therapy work to
unbalance the current structure by blocking enmeshed behaviors between members of the family
One of the beliefs of Salvador Minuchen
is that clients cannot expect their family members to change out of internal desire
Minuchen also believed that
individual members must take on the task of changing their partners themselves.
Experiential therapy focuses more on
therapeutic techniques than overarching theory and the main tool of the therapist would be the tool of the self.
The primary technique of Experiential family therapy is to use
the self-of-the-therapist to promote self-exploration among family members.
The technique of the Experiential Therapist
is spontaneous, provocative, warm, and personal.
Experiential therapists would tolerate
emotionality in the therapy room and encourage enactments to practice new ways of function in the therapy room.
Experiential therapist would
align himself or herself with the family member who will instigate the greatest emotional response.
Experiential therapist would also not only tolerate, but also encourage
anxiety in order to compel the family to change.
The Bowenian therapist would work to impart
three important lessons to their clients: self-determination, self-advocacy, and re-engaging with the self in relationship.
The Structural therapist is not as concerned
with the self of their clients, but with the boundary between the self and the other.
The successful Structural client
client recognizes not only where they begin and end, but also what is helpful to take in and what should be rejected
The Experiential therapist
confronts the client so that they can confront themselves.
Bowenian therapy focuses
on relationship quality to improve relationship.
Structural therapy focuses
on boundaries between individuals to adjust power.
Experiential therapy focuses
on the individual's intrapsychic experience to improve relationships.