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53 terms

Unit 2: Human Origins

Human ancestors
STUDY
PLAY
Tanzania
Mary Leakey found footprints of australopithecines here
Australopithecines
Which species's footprints did Mary Leakey find in Tanzania
Ethiopia
Where was Lucy was found?
Donald Johanson
Who found Lucy?
Australopithecus Afarensis
What species did Lucy belong to?
India, China, Southeast Asia, Europe
Where were all of the areas Homo Erectus migrated to?
Germany
Where quarry workers found Neanderthal bone fragments in 1856
1856
What year were the first Neanderthal bone fragments found?
Quarry workers
Who found the Neanderthal bone fragments in 1856?
Shanidar Cave, Iraq
Where did a Neanderthal funeral take place 60,000 years ago?
Robert Braidwood
Excavated an agricultural site in Jarmo and found the birthplace of civilization
Jarmo
The site where Robert Braidwood found the birthplace of civilization
Chad
Fossils found here from 6-7 million years ago
6-7 million years old
Age of human ancestor fossils found in Chad and Kenya
Kenya
Fossils of human ancestors also found here from 6-7 million years ago
Argentina
Cave paintings found here at Cuevas de las Manos
Cuevas de las Manos
In Argentina where cave paintings were found
Algeria
Cave paintings found here at Tassili n' Ager
Tassili n' Ager
Area in Algeria where cave paintings were found
France
Cave paintings found at Lascaux cave
France
Homo Erectus tools found here in Lascaux cave
Lascaux cave
Cave paintings and homo erectus tools found in this cave located in France
Spain
More cave paintings found here!
Indonesia
Java Man of the species Homo Erectus found
Nile River
Where early agriculture developed wheat, barley, and other crops
Huang He River
Rice and millet cultivated here
Mexico
Corn, beans, squash cultivated here
Peru
Potatoes and tomatoes cultivated here
Paleoanthropologist
studies old human ancestors
Taxonomy
Classification system
Carl Linneaus
Father of taxonomy
Australopithecus
First human ancestor genus
Homo
Several species in Homo Genus
Hominid
General term used to describe any number of upright walking animals
Bipedal
2 Feet
By clues in early ancestor bones
How do we know what we know about early humans?
Australopithicus Afarenis
Stood upright, social, had thumbs...LUCY!
Homo Habilis
Used tools, had larger brains, Africa
Homo Erectus
Fire, caves, cannibalism (perhaps), migrated out of Africa, used clothes, tools, stood fully erect, tall!
Neanderthals
Spiritual, had feelings, funerals, erect, tools, close hunting range, smart, found in Neander Valley, Germany
Sapiens
Cro Magnons, distant hunting, muscles, cave art
The first neanderthal ever found had arthritis and stood slouching over
Why is there the stereotype that Neanderthals slouched over?
The chart implies that human ancestors got taller and stood more upright as they became more modern, which is false. Homo Erectus was taller than 4/5 of men today after Homo Erectus, all species walked completely upright.
First misconception about the evolution chart
Male gender is always represented in these charts, which can give the misconception that the male population was larger than the woman.
Second misconception about evolution chart
Walking in a line gives the idea that they evolved from one another, which is incorrect. We share common ancestors but didn't morph from one another
Third misconception about the evolution chart
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age with hunting and gathering
Neolithic
New Stone age with farming and animal domestication
end of ice age, discovery of agriculture, how to trap the animals
Factors that historians believed that advanced the Neolithic Revolution?
Neolithic Revolution
The shift from food-gathering to food-producing
Lascaux, France
Where did the four boys stumble upon a huge cave filled with early cave paintings?
11-18 thousand years ago
How old was the cave that was found in france by four boys?
Sapiens
What hominid group made the cave paintings in france found by four boys?
Nomad
Follows its food