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Life Span/ Human Development Chapter 5
Terms in this set (34)
Actions or mental representations that organize knowledge.
Occurs when children use their existing schemes to deal with new information or experiences.
Occurs when children adjust their schemes to take new information and experiences into account.
The grouping of isolated behaviors and thoughts into a higher-order system.
The mechanism by which children shift from one stage of thought to the next.
The Sensorimotor Stage
Infant cognitive development lasting from birth to 2 years.
The understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched.
Error that occurs when infants make the mistake of selecting the familiar hiding place (A) rather than the new hiding place (B) as they progress into sub stage 4.
Core Knowledge Approach
Infants are born with domain specific innate knowledge systems.
Classical and operant conditioning vs. information retention.
The focusing of mental resources on select information.
Decreased responsiveness to a stimulus after repeated presentations.
Increased responsiveness after a change in stimulation.
Individuals focus on the same object or event.
Retention of information over time.
The process by which information gets into memory.
Memory without conscious recollection.
Conscious memory of facts and experiences.
Infantile or Childhood Amnesia
Inability to recall memories of events that occurred before 3 years of age.
Imitation that occurs after a time delay of hours or days.
Groups of objects, events, and characteristics on the basis of common properties.
Ideas about what categories represent.
Based on similar perceptual features of objects.
By 7-9 months, infant can categorize objects even though they are perceptually similar.
A form of communication - whether spoken, written, or signed - that is based on a system of symbols.
The ability to produce an endless number of meaningful sentences using finite set of words and rules.
Tendency to apply a word to objects that are inappropriate for the word's meaning.
Tendency to apply a word too narrowly.
Use of short and precise words without grammatical markers.
Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
Theory that a biological endowment enables children to detect certain features and rules of language.
Language spoken in a higher pitch than normal with simple words and sentences (baby talk).
Rephrasing something the child has said.
Repeating what the child has said but in correct structure
Identifying the names of objects.
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