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Review Game from Red Terms
Terms in this set (40)
term used to explain where one body structure is in relation to another
anatomical terms that refer to specific visible landmarks on the surface of the body
an integrated group of cells with a common structure and function
tissue type that makes up the central and peripheral nervous system
sheets o tightly packed cells that line organs and body cavities
soft tissue that composes human muscle and gives rise to the muscles ability to contract
animal tissue that functions mainly to bind and support other tissues
toward the head
away from the head
toward the front of the body
toward the back of the body
toward the midline
away from the midline
between a more medial and a more lateral structure
Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
toward the surface
away from the surface
head, neck, trunk
appendages or limbs
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
the sensory and motor neurons that connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell.
a simple, automatic response to a sensory stimulus, such as the knee-jerk response
the body's "slow" chemical communication system; a set of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
A protein hormone secreted by pancreatic endocrine cells that raises blood glucose levels; an antagonistic hormone to insulin.
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Breaks down food into absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down, drives cellular activities
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
a measure of body weight relative to height
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
the rate at which the body burns energy when the organism is resting
Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. Regulates water, electrolyte and acid-base balance of the blood.
functional unit of the kidney
The first step in urine formation in which substances in blood pass through the filtration membrane and the filtrate enters the proximal convoluted tubule of the nephron.
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Hormone produced by the neurosecretory cells in the hypothalamus that stimulates water reabsorption from kidney tubule cells into the blood and vasoconstriction of arterioles.
Contractile unit of muscle
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