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30 terms

Foundations of American Government

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amendment
any change to the Constitution
anti-Federalist
someone that was against the Constitution
Articles of Confederation
established the first form of national government for the independent colonies
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Charters of the Virginia Company of London
guaranteed the colonists the same rights as Englishmen
Congress
lawmaking body of the national government (made up of 2 houses: Senate and House of Representatives)
consent of the governed
people are the source of all governmental power, popular sovereignty
Constitution of the United States
document that outlines the structure and powers of our national government
Constitution of Virginia
document that outlines the structure and power of our state government
democracy
rule by the people
Federalist
a person in favor of the Constitution
General Assembly
the lawmaking body at the state (Virginia) level of government
government
...
limited government
The government may do only what the people have given it the power to do.
ex: Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances. The government is not all powerful
Magna Carta
document that limited the powers of the King.
majority rule
do what most people want
Parliament
lawmaking body in British government
preamble
introduction to the Constitution
ratify/ratification
to approve
republic
democratic form of government, uses a representative democracy
rule of law
one of the 5 fundamental principles of government, states that all persons even those that govern must obey the law.
statute
a law
tranquility
peacefull
unalienable (individual) rights
your personal rights that can not be taken away
Virginia Declaration of Rights
written by George Mason, served as a model for the Bill of Rights
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
written by Thomas Jefferson, states that a person has the right to practice any religion he/she chooses, served as a model for religion clauses in the Constitution and Bill of Rights
Declaration of Independence
primary author Thomas Jefferson, declared the colonies independent from Great Brittain
Convention
gathering or meeting to discuss ideas
representative government
elect officials to speak and vote on our behalf in government. ex. Senators and House of Representatives members
freedom
being allowed to make your own choices