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24 terms

DGP Tuesday Notes

STUDY
PLAY
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun.
OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION
-The noun or pronoun that follows the preposition and ends a prepositional phrase.
ADJECTIVE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A prepositional phrase that modifies/describes a noun or a pronoun; it acts like an adjective.
ADVERB PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. It acts like an adverb.
APPOSITIVE
-A noun or pronoun renames the noun or pronoun it follows.
APPOSITIVE PHRASE
-Phrase that includes an appositive and its modifiers.
PARTICIPIAL PHRASE
-Phrase that contains a participle and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as an adjective.
OBJECT OF THE PARTICIPLE
-Follows a participle and answers the question "what?"
GERUND PHRASE
-Phrase that contains a gerund and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as a noun.
OBJECT OF THE GERUND
-Follows a gerund and answers the question "what?"
INFINITIVE PHRASE
-Phrase that contains an infinitive and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as a noun, and adjective, or an adverb.
OBJECT OF THE INFINITIVE
-Follows an infinitive and answers the question "what?"
SIMPLE VERB
-The main word or words in the complete predicate.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
TRANSITIVE VERB
An action verb that is followed by a direct object.
INTRANSITIVE VERB
An action verb that is not followed by a direct object. ALL linking verbs are intransitive.
SIMPLE SUBJECT
-The "who" or "what" of the verb; the main word in the complete subject. ALWAYS a noun, pronoun, gerund, or infinitive.
COMPLEMENT
-Completes the meaning of the subject and verb.
-There are 4 types of complements: direct object, indirect object, predicate nominative and predicate adjective.
DIRECT OBJECT
-A noun or pronoun that follows an action verb and answers the question WHAT? after the verb.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
INDIRECT OBJECT
-A noun or pronoun that follows an action verb and comes BEFORE the direct object.
-To find it, ask verb, direct object+TO WHOM? or FOR WHOM?
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
PREDICATE NOMINATIVE
-A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
PREDICATE ADJECTIVE
-An adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
COMPLETE SUBJECT
-The simple subject and all of its modifiers(including prepositional phrases).
COMPLETE PREDICATE
- The simple verb, its complement (if present) and all its modifiers(including prepositional phrases).
THE ORDER WE USE FOR TUESDAY WORK (parts of the sentence):
1. Mark prepositional phrases in parentheses. Label the OP and the type of prepositional phrase.
2. Mark verbal phrases with an underneath bracket. Label the object (if present). Label the type of verbal phrase.
3. Label the verb(s).
4. Label the simple subject(s).
5. Label the complements (if present).
6. Label the verb transitive or intransitive.
7. Underline the complete subject
8. Underline the complete predicate twice.