23 terms

DGP Tuesday Notes

STUDY
PLAY
PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A group of words beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun or pronoun.
OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION
-The noun or pronoun that follows the preposition and ends a prepositional phrase.
ADJECTIVE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A prepositional phrase that modifies/describes a noun or a pronoun; it acts like an adjective.
ADVERB PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
-A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. It acts like an adverb.
APPOSITIVE
-A noun or pronoun renames the noun or pronoun it follows.
APPOSITIVE PHRASE
-Phrase that includes an appositive and its modifiers.
PARTICIPIAL PHRASE
-Phrase that contains a participle and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as an adjective.
OBJECT OF THE PARTICIPLE
-Follows a participle and answers the question "what?"
GERUND PHRASE
-Phrase that contains a gerund and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as a noun.
OBJECT OF THE GERUND
-Follows a gerund and answers the question "what?"
INFINITIVE PHRASE
-Phrase that contains an infinitive and its modifiers and object (if present). It functions as a noun, and adjective, or an adverb.
OBJECT OF THE INFINITIVE
-Follows an infinitive and answers the question "what?"
SIMPLE VERB
-The main word or words in the complete predicate.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
TRANSITIVE VERB
An action verb that is followed by a direct object.
INTRANSITIVE VERB
An action verb that is not followed by a direct object. ALL linking verbs are intransitive.
SIMPLE SUBJECT
-The "who" or "what" of the verb; the main word in the complete subject. ALWAYS a noun, pronoun, gerund, or infinitive.
COMPLEMENT
-Completes the meaning of the subject and verb.
-There are 4 types of complements: direct object, indirect object, predicate nominative and predicate adjective.
DIRECT OBJECT
-A noun or pronoun that follows an action verb and answers the question WHAT? after the verb.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
INDIRECT OBJECT
-A noun or pronoun that follows an action verb and comes BEFORE the direct object.
-To find it, ask verb, direct object+TO WHOM? or FOR WHOM?
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
PREDICATE NOMINATIVE
-A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames the subject.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
PREDICATE ADJECTIVE
-An adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject.
-It is NEVER found in a prepositional phrase.
COMPLETE SUBJECT
-The simple subject and all of its modifiers(including prepositional phrases).
COMPLETE PREDICATE
- The simple verb, its complement (if present) and all its modifiers(including prepositional phrases).