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Craven - Ch. 18 - Asepsis & Infection Control
Asepsis and Infection Control
Terms in this set (25)
Agent that stops or slows the growth of microorganisms on living tissue, commonly used for handwashing, skin preparation, and wound packing or irrigation.
Absence of disease-producing microorganisms.
Able to kill bacteria.
Able to inhibit the growth of bacteria.
Person from whom a microorganism can be cultured but who shows no sign of a disease.
Chemical used to kill microorganisms on lifeless objects.
Handwashing with soap and water or cleansing the hands with a water-less alcohol-based cleanser to prevent the spread of infection.
Infections contracted in all healthcare settings and is often used in place of the more commonly known term, nocosocmial infection , which refers only to hospital-acquired infection.
healthcare-associated infection (HAI)
Process resulting from infection that produces manifestations such as fever, leukocytosis, inflammation, or tissue damage.
Techniques used to prevent or to limit the spread of infection.
Measures taken to control and to reduce the number of pathogens present; also known as "clean technique";measure include handwashing, gloving, gowning, and disinfecting to help contain microbial growth.
Bacteria and other microorganisms that have developed resistance to antimicrobial drugs
multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs)
Infection acquired during receipt of healthcare.
An infection caused by pathogens, particularly opportunistic pathogens—those that take advantage of certain situations—such as bacterial, viral, fungal or protozoan infections that usually do not cause disease in a healthy host (individuals with properly functioning immune systems). A compromised immune system, however, presents an "opportunity" for the pathogen to infect.
The organism's ability to harm and to cause disease.
Microorganism that can harm humans.
Techniques or equipment that prevents the transfer of pathogens from one person to another. Also refereed to as "barriers".
personal protective equipment (PPE)
Infectious agents composed primarily of proteins
Poisoning of body tissues; usually refers to blood-borne organisms or their toxic products.
Organism's attraction to a specific host, which may include humans.
The latest CDC isolation system that combines the major features of Universal Precautions (blood-borne transmissions) and Body Substance Isolation (moist body substances transmission), thus protecting against blood and body-fluid transmission of potentially infective agents.
(1) Destruction of all bacteria, spores, fungi, and viruses on an item, accomplished by heat, chemicals, or gas.
Refers to "sterile technique" in which an object is free of all microorganisms to prevent the introduction or spread of pathogens from the environment into the client; employed when a body cavity is entered with an object that may damage the mucous membranes, wen surgical procedures are preformed, and when the client's immune system is already compromised.
When the patient is referred to as septic, it means that he or she is displaying the manifestations of a systematic inflammatory state cause by widespread microbial destruction of tissues. This condition is often accompanied by high fevers, tachycardia, hypotension, and leukocytosis.
systematic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)
Vigor with which an organism can grow and multiply.
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Media & Interest Groups
Metzger Company completed its first year of operations on December 31, 2014. Its initial income statement showed that Metzger had sales revenue of $198,000 and operating expenses of$83,000. Accounts receivable and accounts payable at year-end were $60,000 and$23,000, respectively. Assume that accounts payable related to operating expenses. Ignore income taxes. ***Instructions*** Compute net cash provided by operating activities using the direct method.
There are no universally accepted definitions of the ages of Millennials and Generation Xers; the consensus is that the former are Americans born between 1984 and 2000 and the latter are Americans born between 1965 and 1984. Baby boomers are defined as people born between 1946 and 1964. An analysis conducted by the Pew Research Center produced the following table of joint probabilities relating marital status of the three groups defined here. a. Find the probability that a Millennial is married. b. Compute the probability that a Baby Boomer is single, never married. c. Suppose that one person is selected at random. What is the probability that he or she is married? d. What is the probability that someone who is living with a partner, but not married is a Generation X? | Marital Status | Millennial | Generation X | Baby Boomer | | :--- | :---: | :---: | :---: | | Single, never married | $.195$ | $.058$ | $.030$ | | Married | $.089$ | $.223$ | $.201$ | | Living with partner, | $.030$ | $.025$ | $.009$ | | not married | | $.054$ | $.070$ | | Divorced, separated, | $.017$ | | | | widowed | | | |
Humanistic psychologists often prefer to assess personality by a. having a person write out answers to questions. b. sitting down and talking to a person. c. getting a person to describe what he or she sees in ambiguous inkblots. d. having a person describe their dreams. e. putting a person in a stressful situation to see how he or she behaves under pressure.
Which of the following is always recorded in the general journal? a. rendering services for cash b. purchases of supplies on account c. rendering services on account d. closing entries
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