Chapter 2 Test Review

The Story of American Democracy
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Mercantilism
The Economic theory that states a country should sell more goods than it buys.
The English Bill of Rights
this document protected the nobles' privileges and upheld their authority. It eventually came to apply to all English people.
Parliament
was established in England. It was in charge of making some of the day to day decisions for the people of England.
Colony
a group of people in one place ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Articles of Confederation
was a very weak document. For example it did not allow congress the power to collect taxes.
Boycott
The refusal to buy goods or services
Repeal
To cancel
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain
Confederation
is a group of individual state governments who band together for a common purpose.
Bicameral
a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
Shay's Rebellion
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Magna Carta
This document, signed by King John of England in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
James town va.
The first permanent English settlement in the new world.
Pilgrams
a group of english people who settled in Plymoth, Massechusetts in 1620. they left england for religious freedom
Virgina House of Burgesses
It was the first representative government group in the American colonies.
Mayflower Compact
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining direct democracy.
No taxation without representation
reflected the colonists' belief that they should not be taxed because they had no direct representatives in Parliament
The Glorious revolution
The English Parliament drove out an absolute monarch and replaced him with two constitutional monarch's William and Mary
Boston Tea party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor
Boston Massacre
British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The colonists blamed the British and the Sons of Liberty and used this incident as an excuse to promote the Revolution.
The Stamp Act
a British tax on legal documents and most newspapers
The intolerable Acts
Created to punish Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party. These restrictions led to more anger towards Great Britain. It consisted of the Port Bill, the Quartering Act, limits on town meetings, and British officials being tried in Great Britain for crimes committed in the colonies.
The Tea Act
a small tax on tea that was passed by the British in order to bring the British East India Co. out of debt
Thomas Paine
Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
Shot heard around the world
phrase given to the shots fired at Lexington and Concord, MA, the first battles between the colonial minutemen and the British in the Revolutionary War

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